Article

Inheritance of an autosomal recessive disorder, Gitelman's syndrome, across two generations in one family.

Department of Nephrology, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Japan.
Internal Medicine (Impact Factor: 0.97). 01/2011; 50(11):1211-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Gitelman's syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive disorder; it is rarely inherited over several generations. A 16-year-old boy showed hypokalemia and hypocalciuria. Clinically, he was diagnosed as GS because of diuretic responsiveness to furosemide but not thiazide. Genetic testing disclosed he was a compound heterozygote (T180K/V677M) for the SLC12A3 gene. Unexpectedly, the patient's father also showed hypokalemia and hypocalciuria. The genetic analysis showed he had an L849H mutation in addition to T180K. The present pedigree showed an extremely rare case. Diuretic tests are useful diagnostic methods, and genetic testing is necessary for precise evaluation of complicated cases as in this family.

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