Article

[The efficacy and safety of 2 cycles' high-dose dexamethasone treatment adult primary immune thrombocytopenia].

Department of Hematology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China.
Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 05/2011; 50(5):401-3.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the efficacy and safety of a schedule of 2 cycles' high-dose dexamethasone (HD-DXM) as an initial therapy in adults immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), and compare with conventional dose prednisone therapy.
A total of 59 newly diagnosed ITP patients were divided into 2 groups randomly. In 30 patients (Dexamethasone group), oral HD-DXM was administered at 40 mg/d for 4 consecutive days, repeated one week later, and then failed to maintain. In the remaining 29 patients (Prednisone group), prednisone was administered orally at 1.0 - 1.5 mg×kg(-1)×d(-1) for 4 weeks, and then gradually tapered.
For short-term efficacy, after 1 and 2 weeks of treatment, the response rate in Dexamethasone group was significantly higher than that in Prednisone group (50.0% vs 24.1%, P < 0.01; 73.3% vs 55.2%, P < 0.05), while 3 weeks later, there was no remarkable difference between the two groups (83.3% vs 68.9%, P > 0.05), though the response rate in Dexamethasone group remained higher. For long-term effect, at the end of the 2nd and 3rd months of follow-up, the relapse rate in Dexamethasone group was significantly lower than that in Prednisone group (24.0% vs 40.0%, P < 0.05; 32.0% vs 65.0%, P < 0.01), while at the end of the 1(st) month of follow-up, there was no significant difference (16.0% vs 20.0%, P > 0.05). In addition, it's well tolerated and no complications such as severe infection or Cushing syndrome were complained in Dexamethasone group.
HD-DXM possesses an advantage over conventional dose prednisone therapy in efficacy and safety.

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