Immediate reconstruction using a modified thoracodorsal adipofascial cutaneous flap after partial mastectomy
ABSTRACT The treatment of early breast cancer using breast conservation therapy (BCT) usually ensures local control and acceptable cosmetic results. We report a useful technique involving the use of a thoracodorsal adipofascial cutaneous flap for reconstructing defects in the upper-outer quadrant area after partial mastectomy that has achieved excellent results. We developed this procedure as an oncoplastic technique for treating a Japanese woman with a similar defect and a relatively slim body. In this procedure, partial mastectomy is followed by raising the anterior half of the flap via the same skin incision, and the posterior half is raised via an additional incision posterior to the axillary area to produce a crescent of de-epithelialized skin. A C-shaped flap containing a crescent of de-epithelialized skin composed of subcutaneous fat and the fascia of the latissimus dorsi muscle is then rotated, gathered, and inset into the breast defect.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The treatment of early breast cancer using breast-conserving therapy commonly ensures local control and acceptable cosmetic results. We herein report a useful technique, including the use of a thoracodorsal adipofascial cutaneous flap for reconstructing defects in the outer quadrant area after partial mastectomy, which achieved excellent results. We performed partial mastectomy followed by immediate volume replacement using a modified thoracodorsal adipofascial cutaneous flap with a crescent-shaped dermis in ten patients. The modified oncoplastic technique was performed without any complications in all patients. Sufficient blood flow to the cutaneous flap with the crescent-shaped dermis was visualized in two patients during the operation after the injection of indocyanine green. The oncological and cosmetic results were excellent to good in these patients. Oncoplastic surgery using a modified thoracodorsal adipofascial flap with a crescent-shaped dermis was successfully performed in patients with early cancer lesions in the outer quadrant, and the cosmetic results obtained were excellent.Surgery Today 12/2013; 44(11). DOI:10.1007/s00595-013-0812-1 · 1.21 Impact Factor