Article

Development of SSR markers from Citrus clementina (Rutaceae) BAC end sequences and interspecific transferability in Citrus.

Centro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología, IVIA, Apartado Oficial 46113 Moncada (Valencia), Spain.
American Journal of Botany (Impact Factor: 2.46). 11/2010; 97(11):e124-9. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1000280
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT • Premise of the study: Microsatellite primers were developed from bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) end sequences of Citrus clementina and their transferability and polymorphism tested in the genus Citrus for future anchorage of physical and genetic maps and comparative interspecific genetic mapping. • Methods and Results: Using PAGE and DNA silver staining, 79 primer pairs were selected for their transferability and polymorphism among 526 microsatellites mined in BES. A preliminary diversity study in Citrus was conducted with 18 of them, in C. reticulata, C. maxima, C. medica, C. sinensis, C. aurantium, C. paradisi, C. lemon, C. aurantifolia, and some papedas (wild citrus), using a capillary electrophoresis fragment analyzer. Intra- and interspecific polymorphism was observed, and heterozygous markers were identified for the different genotypes to be used for genetic mapping. • Conclusions: These results indicate the utility of the developed primers for comparative mapping studies and the integration of physical and genetic maps.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Javier Terol, Jun 20, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
170 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Citrus taxonomy is very complex mainly due to specific aspects of its reproductive biology. A number of studies have been performed using various molecular markers in order to evaluate the level of genetic variability in Citrus. SNP markers have been used for genetic diversity assessment using a variety of different methods. Recently, the availability of EST database and whole genome sequences has made it possible to develop more markers such as SNPs. In the present study, the high-resolution melting curve analysis (HRM) was used to detect SNPs or INDELs in Citrus genus for the first time. We aimed to develop a panel of SNPs to differentiate Citrus genotypes which can also be applied to Citrus biodiversity studies. The results showed that 21 SNP containing markers produced distinct polymorphic melting curves among the Citrus spp. investigated through HRM analysis. It was proved that HRM is an efficient, cost-effective, and accurate method for discriminating citrus SNPs as well as a method to analyze more polymorphisms in a single PCR amplicon, representing a useful tool for genetic, biodiversity, and breeding studies. SNPs developed based on Citrus sinensis EST database showed a good transferability within the Citrus genus. Moreover, HRM analysis allowed the discrimination of citrus genotypes at specific level and the resulting genetic distance analysis clustered these genotypes into three main branches. The results suggested that the panel of SNP markers could be used in a variety of applications in citrus biodiversity assessment and breeding programs using HRM analysis.
    Tree Genetics & Genomes 10/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11295-013-0636-6 · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and AimsDespite differences in morphology, the genera representing 'true citrus fruit trees' are sexually compatible, and their phylogenetic relationships remain unclear. Most of the important commercial 'species' of Citrus are believed to be of interspecific origin. By studying polymorphisms of 27 nuclear genes, the average molecular differentiation between species was estimated and some phylogenetic relationships between 'true citrus fruit trees' were clarified.Methods Sanger sequencing of PCR-amplified fragments from 18 genes involved in metabolite biosynthesis pathways and nine putative genes for salt tolerance was performed for 45 genotypes of Citrus and relatives of Citrus to mine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and indel polymorphisms. Fifty nuclear simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were also analysed.Key ResultsA total of 16 238 kb of DNA was sequenced for each genotype, and 1097 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 50 indels were identified. These polymorphisms were more valuable than SSRs for inter-taxon differentiation. Nuclear phylogenetic analysis revealed that Citrus reticulata and Fortunella form a cluster that is differentiated from the clade that includes three other basic taxa of cultivated citrus (C. maxima, C. medica and C. micrantha). These results confirm the taxonomic subdivision between the subgenera Metacitrus and Archicitrus. A few genes displayed positive selection patterns within or between species, but most of them displayed neutral patterns. The phylogenetic inheritance patterns of the analysed genes were inferred for commercial Citrus spp.Conclusions Numerous molecular polymorphisms (SNPs and indels), which are potentially useful for the analysis of interspecific genetic structures, have been identified. The nuclear phylogenetic network for Citrus and its sexually compatible relatives was consistent with the geographical origins of these genera. The positive selection observed for a few genes will help further works to analyse the molecular basis of the variability of the associated traits. This study presents new insights into the origin of C. sinensis.
    Annals of Botany 10/2012; DOI:10.1093/aob/mcs227 · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High resolution melting curve analysis (HRM) has been used as an efficient, accurate and cost-effective tool to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or insertions or deletions (INDELs). However, its efficiency, accuracy and applicability to discriminate microsatellite polymorphism have not been extensively assessed. The traditional protocols used for SSR genotyping include PCR amplification of the DNA fragment and the separation of the fragments on electrophoresis-based platform. However, post-PCR handling processes are laborious and costly. Furthermore, SNPs present in the sequences flanking repeat motif cannot be detected by polyacrylamide-gel-electrophoresis based methods. In the present study, we compared the discriminating power of HRM with the traditional electrophoresis-based methods and provided a panel of primers for HRM genotyping in Citrus. The results showed that sixteen SSR markers produced distinct polymorphic melting curves among the Citrus spp investigated through HRM analysis. Among those, 10 showed more genotypes by HRM analysis than capillary electrophoresis owing to the presence of SNPs in the amplicons. For the SSR markers without SNPs present in the flanking region, HRM also gave distinct melting curves which detected same genotypes as were shown in capillary electrophoresis (CE) analysis. Moreover, HRM analysis allowed the discrimination of most of the 15 citrus genotypes and the resulting genetic distance analysis clustered them into three main branches. In conclusion, it has been approved that HRM is not only an efficient and cost-effective alternative of electrophoresis-based method for SSR markers, but also a method to uncover more polymorphisms contributed by SNPs present in SSRs. It was therefore suggested that the panel of SSR markers could be used in a variety of applications in the citrus biodiversity and breeding programs using HRM analysis. Furthermore, we speculate that the HRM analysis can be employed to analyse SSR markers in a wide range of applications in all other species.
    PLoS ONE 08/2012; 7(8):e44202. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0044202 · 3.53 Impact Factor