Electrically conductive gold-coated collagen nanofibers for placental-derived mesenchymal stem cells enhanced differentiation and proliferation.
ABSTRACT Gold-coated collagen nanofibers (GCNFs) were produced by a single-step reduction process and used for the growth and differentiation of human adult stem cells. The nanomaterials were characterized by a number of analytical techniques including electron microscopy and spectroscopy. They were found to be biocompatible and to improve the myocardial and neuronal differentiation process of the mesenchymal stem cells isolated from the placental chorionic component. The expression of specific differentiation markers (atrium, natriuretic peptide, actin F and actin monomer, glial fibrilary acidic protein, and neurofilaments) was investigated by immunocytochemistry.
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ABSTRACT: The potential of graphene as a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) culture substrate to promote cardiomyogenic differentiation is demonstrated. Graphene exhibits no sign of cytotoxicity for stem cell culture. MSCs are committed toward cardiomyogenic lineage by simply culturing them on graphene. This may be attributed, at least partially, to the regulation of expression levels of extracellular matrix and signaling molecules.Advanced healthcare materials. 08/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Recent developments in cancer biology have identified the existence of a sub-poplulation of cells - cancer stem cells (CSC) that are resistant to most traditional therapies (e.g. chemotherapy and radiotherapy) and have the ability to repair their damaged DNA. These findings have necessitated a break with traditional oncology management and encouraged new perspectives concerning cancer treatment. Understanding the functional biology of CSCs - especially the signaling pathways that are involved in their self-renewal mechanisms - is crucial for discovering new forms of treatment. In this review, we highlight current and future prospects for potential cancer therapies based on the use of nano-sized materials. Nanomaterials could revolutionize cancer management because of their distinctive features - unique surface chemistry, strong electronic, optic, and magnetic properties - that are found neither in bulk materials nor in single molecules. Based on these distinct properties, we believe that nanomaterials could be excellent candidates for use in excellent candidates for use research in order to optimize cancer therapeutics. Moreover, we propose these nanomaterials for the inhibition of the self-renewal pathways of CSCs by focusing on the Hedgehog, Notch, and Wnt/β-catenin self-renewal mechanisms. By introducing these methods for the detection, targeting, and destruction of CSCs, an efficient alternative treatment for the incurable disease of cancer could be provided.Drug Metabolism Reviews 04/2014; · 5.54 Impact Factor
- Journal of Biological Engineering 06/2014; 8(14).