Electrically conductive gold-coated collagen nanofibers for placental-derived mesenchymal stem cells enhanced differentiation and proliferation.
ABSTRACT Gold-coated collagen nanofibers (GCNFs) were produced by a single-step reduction process and used for the growth and differentiation of human adult stem cells. The nanomaterials were characterized by a number of analytical techniques including electron microscopy and spectroscopy. They were found to be biocompatible and to improve the myocardial and neuronal differentiation process of the mesenchymal stem cells isolated from the placental chorionic component. The expression of specific differentiation markers (atrium, natriuretic peptide, actin F and actin monomer, glial fibrilary acidic protein, and neurofilaments) was investigated by immunocytochemistry.