Article

The heterozygote advantage of the Chuvash polycythemia VHLR200W mutation may be protection against anemia.

Chuvash Republic Clinical Hospital No. 1, Cheboksary, Russia.
Haematologica (Impact Factor: 5.94). 05/2011; 96(9):1371-4. DOI: 10.3324/haematol.2011.045609
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The germ-line loss-of-function VHL(R200W) mutation is common in Chuvashia, Russia and occurs in other parts of the world. VHL(R200W) homozygotes have elevated hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1 and HIF-2 levels, increased hemoglobin concentration, propensity to thrombosis and early mortality. Because the mutation persists from an ancient origin, we hypothesized that there is a heterozygote advantage. Thirty-four VHL(R200W) heterozygotes and 44 controls over 35 years of age from Chuvashia, Russia were studied. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin less than 130 g/L in men and less than 120 g/L in women. Mild anemia was present in 15% of VHL(R200W) heterozygotes and 34% of controls without a mutated VHL allele. By multivariate logistic regression, the odds of anemia were reduced an estimated 5.6-fold in the VHL(R200W) heterozygotes compared to controls (95% confidence interval 1.4-22.7; P=0.017). In conclusion, heterozygosity for VHL(R200W) may provide protection from anemia; such protection could explain the persistence of this mutation.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
93 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Frequent blood loss induces progressive depletion of iron stores, leading to iron deficiency and, ultimately, to overt iron-deficient anaemia. The erythropoietin-mediated bone marrow response to anaemia is under the control of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF), the master regulators of oxygen and iron homeostasis. Since the HIF-1α(Pro-582-Ser) variant is associated with elevated trans-activation capacity of hypoxia responsive elements of target genes, we investigated whether the HIF-1α(Pro-582-Ser) polymorphism might influence the response to repeated blood withdrawals. Using polymerase chain reaction analysis and DNA sequencing, we retrospectively investigated the presence of HIF-1α(Pro-582-Ser) in a series of 163 blood donors. Haematological findings, serum ferritin levels and frequency of donations were compared according to the mutational status of the HIF-1α gene. We found that male carriers of the HIF-1α(Pro-582-Ser) polymorphism had higher haemoglobin and ferritin levels than individuals homozygous for the wild-type allele. Moreover, the HIF-1α(Pro-582-Ser) polymorphism protected regular blood donors from developing iron deficiency and anaemia and predicted uninterrupted donation activity. These findings show for the first time that the HIF-1α(Pro-582-Ser) polymorphism significantly affects red blood cell and iron homeostasis after blood loss, conferring to male carriers a resistance to anaemia. Regarding the female gender, large series of individuals should be investigated to establish whether there is an effect of the HIF-1α(Pro-582-Ser) polymorphism in this population. Although these data need to be confirmed in prospective studies, they could have important implications in blood donor selection and donation procedures.
    Blood transfusion = Trasfusione del sangue 08/2013; · 1.90 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Calmodulin II (CALM2) gene polymorphism might be responsible for the variation in the left ventricular mass amongst healthy individuals. The aim was to evaluate the correlation between left ventricular mass (LVM) and g.474955027G>A (rs7565161) polymorphism adjacent to the CALM2 gene. Healthy Polish newborns (n = 206) were recruited. Two-dimensional M-mode echocardiography was used to assess LVM. Polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing analyses. The carriers of the G allele of the CALM2 polymorphism had significantly higher left ventricular mass/weight (LVM/BW) values, when compared with newborns homozygous for the A allele (3.1 g/m(2) versus 2.5 g/m(2), P adjusted = 0.036). The AG genotype of CALM2 was associated with the highest values of LVM/BW, exhibiting a pattern of overdominance (2.9 g/kg versus 3.1 g/kg versus 2.5 g/kg, P adjusted = 0.037). The results of this study suggest that G>A CALM2 polymorphism may account for subtle variation in LVM at birth.
    International journal of genomics. 01/2013; 2013:410407.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present paper is focusing on rare diseases manifesting in late childhood or adulthood. A part of these syndromes are not of genetic origin, such as relatively or absolutely rare infections, autoimmune diseases, tumours, or diseases due to rare environmental toxic agents. In addition, even a large proportion of genetic disorders may develop in adulthood or may have adult forms as well, affecting are almost each medical specialization. Examples are storage disorders (e.g. adult form of Tay-Sachs disease, Gaucher-disease), enzyme deficiencies (e.g. ornithin-transcarbamylase deficiency of the urea cycle disorders), rare thrombophilias (e.g. homozygous factor V. Leiden mutation, antithrombin deficiency), or some rare monogenic disorders such as Huntington-chorea and many others. It is now generally accepted that at least half of the 6-8000 "rare diseases" belong either to the scope of adult-care (e.g. internal medicine, neurology), or to "age-neutral" specialities such as ophtalmology, dermatology etc.). Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(9), 334-340.
    Orvosi Hetilap 03/2014; 155(9):334-40.

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from