The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) as a screening tool for hepatic steatosis.
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION. Hepatic steatosis due to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) is a prognostic screening tool to detect people at risk for type 2 diabetes without the use of any blood test. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether FINDRISC can also be used to screen for the presence of hepatic steatosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS. Steatosis was determined by ultrasound. The study sample consisted of 821 non-diabetic subjects without previous hepatic disease; 81% were men (mean age 45 ± 9 years) and 19% women (mean age 41 ± 10 years). RESULTS. Steatosis was present in 44% of men and 10% of women. The odds ratio for one unit increase in the FINDRISC associated with the risk of steatosis was 1.30 (95% CI 1.25-1.35), similar for men and women. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve for steatosis was 0.80 (95% CI 0.77-0.83); 0.80 in men (95% CI 0.77-0.83) and 0.83 (95% CI 0.73-0.93) in women. CONCLUSIONS. Our data suggest that the FINDRISC could be a useful primary screening tool for the presence of steatosis.
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ABSTRACT: Hepatic steatosis has been related to insulin resistance and increased diabetes risk. We assessed whether combination of diabetes risk factors, evaluated by the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score, was associated with risk of hepatic steatosis in an apparently healthy Chinese population. The study samples were from a community-based health examination survey in central China. In total 1,780 men and women (18-64 y) were included in the final analyses. Hepatic steatosis was diagnosed by ultrasonography. We created combination of diabetes risk factors score on basis of age, Body Mass Index, waist circumference, physical activity at least 4 h a week, daily consumption of fruits, berries or vegetables, history of antihypertensive drug treatment, history of high blood glucose. The total risk score is a simple sum of the individual weights, and values range from 0 to 20. Hepatic steatosis was present 18% in the total population. In multivariate models, the odds ratios of hepatic steatosis were 1.20 (95%CI 1.15-1.25) in men and 1.25 (95%CI 1.14-1.37) in women by each unit increase in the combination of diabetes risk factors score, after adjustment for blood pressure, liver enzymes, plasma lipids, and fasting glucose. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for hepatic steatosis was 0.78 (95%CI 0.76-0.80), 0.76 in men (95%CI 0.74-0.78) and 0.83 (95%CI 0.79-0.87) in women. Our data suggest that combination of major diabetes risk factors was significantly related to risk of hepatic steatosis in Chinese adults.PLoS ONE 03/2014; 9(3):e90101. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective: We aim to determine whether a simple Indian diabetes risk score (IDRS) is associated with individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among nondiabetic Asian Indians. Methods: Nondiabetic participants (n = 409) were selected from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study. Mean age was 40 ± 11.9 years, mean body mass index was 23.2 ± 3.9 kg/m(2), and 224 (54.8%) were women. The IDRS was classified as high (≥60), medium (30-50), and low (<30) risk. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was assessed by high-resolution β mode ultrasonography. To determine the factors associated with NAFLD, a univariate analysis was first done and a stepwise logistic regression analysis was done based on the factors associated with NAFLD. Biochemical and anthropometric measurements were obtained using standardized procedures. Results: The overall prevalence of NAFLD was 24.7% (101/409 participants), and it was significantly higher among those with a high (30.4%) and medium IDRS (21%) compared with the low IDRS group (15.8%; trend chi square; p = .022). In stepwise logistic regression, IDRS was associated with NAFLD with an adjusted odds ratio of 1.78 (95% confidence interval 1.04-3.06), even after adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusions: The IDRS can be used as the initial step to screen individuals at high risk of NAFLD in the community.Journal of diabetes science and technology 11/2012; 6(6):1429-35.
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ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fatty liver disease (FLD) and cerebrovascular disease. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of 76 consecutive healthy subjects who participated in a two-day hospitalized health checkup program. The maximal intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery and bifurcation of the carotid artery as well as the plaque score (PS) were evaluated on carotid artery ultrasonography. Fluid attenuated inversion recovery brain MRI was used to determine the presence of asymptomatic cerebral lesions and periventricular hyperintensity. Brain MR angiography was used to evaluate the degree of intracranial main artery stenosis (ICAS). FLD was diagnosed based on the ultrasonographic pattern. Results The PS and IMT did not differ between the FLD (n=24) and non-FLD (n=52) groups. There was a tendency toward a higher percentage of multiple lacunar lesions in the non-FLD group than in the FLD group. ICAS was significantly more frequent in subjects in the FLD group than those in the non-FLD group (25.0% vs. 5.8%). A logistic regression analysis revealed that age and FLD were significant determinants of ICAS. Conclusion Our study findings suggest a significant association between ICAS and FLD.Internal Medicine 01/2014; 53(12):1259-64. · 0.97 Impact Factor