The 2009 H1N1 influenza resulted in widespread outbreaks on college campuses. Once sufficient quantity of vaccine became available, many universities held vaccination clinics for students. We sought to examine factors associated with participation in an on-campus vaccination effort. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by students in January 2010. Our results suggest a high degree of awareness of the 2009 H1N1 virus among students. The odds of being vaccinated were higher for students who believed the H1N1 virus was a greater public health threat and for students who had friends and family that were vaccinated after controlling for sex, ethnicity, age, and living conditions.
"Previous studies on HIV/AIDS with college students reported higher perception of risk among female college students, compared to men (Goldman and Harlow, 1993; McNair et al., 1998). However, a recent study did not find a significant difference between female and male students with respect to odds of receiving the H1N1 vaccine (Sunil and Zottarelli, 2011). Similarly, a study with Italian nursing and medical students found that age and gender did not influence H1N1 risk perception and vaccination attitude (Falato et al., 2011). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess university students’ self-reported knowledge, behavior, and behavioral intention regarding H1N1 influenza. Participants included students at a major university in the southwestern US. Data were collected in early spring 2010 through a 24-item self-administered survey. Outcome variables included knowledge, behavior and intention. A total of 483 students participated. Most reported trying to prevent H1N1 influenza though specific behaviors. Many lacked knowledge about symptoms and treatment; a few (10%) had been vaccinated; and half had no intention of getting vaccinated or practicing self-isolation. Gender and age were significantly associated with the three outcome variables. Intention was the most significant contributor to behavior [t (1) = 3.34, p<.001]. H1N1 influenza campaigns directed toward university students in the US should focus on undergraduate, male students, and revise their strategies regarding vaccination and self-isolation.
Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management 01/2012; 9(1). DOI:10.1515/1547-7355.1961 · 0.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: College students are highly susceptible to the H1N1 virus, yet previous studies suggest that college students perceive themselves at low risk for the flu. We surveyed 514 undergraduates to assess their perceptions of H1N1 flu risk and opinions about flu vaccines. A third of respondents stated that they were not at risk of getting the H1N1 flu because they were young. Responses indicated a distrust of the safety and effectiveness of influenza vaccinations; only 15.8% of participants planned on receiving H1N1 vaccination. Top reasons for refusing the H1N1 vaccine included questioning vaccine safety and effectiveness, and concerns about potential serious and/or benign side effects. Top reasons for H1N1 vaccination acceptance included receiving a doctor recommendation for the vaccine, having previously gotten a seasonal vaccine, and being at high-risk for influenza. Our findings suggest that college students are inaccurate in assessing their risk level and are unlikely to seek vaccinations.
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