[Effects of carteolol hydrochloride on experimental choroidal neovascularization].
ABSTRACT To investigate the effects of carteolol hydrochloride on choroidal neovascularization (CNV).
Laser photocoagulation was performed to induce CNV in C 57 BL/6 mice. The response of CNV was assessed by fluorescein isothiocyanate-isolectin B 4 staining. The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid complex and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in the RAW 264.7 macrophage culture was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Carteolol hydrochloride application led to significant suppression of the generation of CNV, the production of ICAM-1 and MCP-1 in the RPE-choroid, and macrophage expression of TNF-alpha.
Carteolol hydrochloride prevented CNV development through its anti-inflammatory action.