Identification of 14-3-3β in human gastric cancer cells and its potency as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker.
ABSTRACT Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide and due to its poor prognosis, it is important that specific biomarkers are identified to enable its early detection. Through 2-D gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF-TOF-based proteomics approaches, we found that 14-3-3β, which was one of the proteins that were differentially expressed by 5-fluorouracil-treated gastric cancer SC-M1 cells, was upregulated in gastric cancer cells. 14-3-3β levels in tissues and serum were further validated in gastric cancer patients and controls. The results showed that 14-3-3β levels were elevated in tumor tissues (n=40) in comparison to normal tissues (n=40; p<0.01), and serum 14-3-3β levels in cancer patients (n=145) were also significantly higher than those in controls (n=63; p<0.0001). Elevated serum 14-3-3β levels highly correlated with the number of lymph node metastases, tumor size and a reduced survival rate. Moreover, overexpression of 14-3-3β enhanced the growth, invasiveness and migratory activities of tumor cells. Twenty-eight proteins involved in anti-apoptosis and tumor progression were also found to be differentially expressed in 14-3-3β-overexpressing gastric cancer cells. Overall, these results highlight the significance of 14-3-3β in gastric cancer cell progression and suggest that it has the potential to be used as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in gastric cancer.
Article: Revealing the Anti-Tumor Effect of Artificial miRNA p-27-5p on Human Breast Carcinoma Cell Line T-47D.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: microRNAs (miRNAs) cause mRNA degradation or translation suppression of their target genes. Previous studies have found direct involvement of miRNAs in cancer initiation and progression. Artificial miRNAs, designed to target single or multiple genes of interest, provide a new therapeutic strategy for cancer. This study investigates the anti-tumor effect of a novel artificial miRNA, miR P-27-5p, on breast cancer. In this study, we reveal that miR P-27-5p downregulates the differential gene expressions associated with the protein modification process and regulation of cell cycle in T-47D cells. Introduction of this novel artificial miRNA, miR P-27-5p, into breast cell lines inhibits cell proliferation and induces the first "gap" phase (G1) cell cycle arrest in cancer cell lines but does not affect normal breast cells. We further show that miR P-27-5p targets the 3'-untranslated mRNA region (3'-UTR) of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and reduces both the mRNA and protein level of CDK4, which in turn, interferes with phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (RB1). Overall, our data suggest that the effects of miR p-27-5p on cell proliferation and G1 cell cycle arrest are through the downregulation of CDK4 and the suppression of RB1 phosphorylation. This study opens avenues for future therapies targeting breast cancer.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(5):6352-69. · 2.60 Impact Factor