The influence of emotional target cues on prospective memory performance in depression

Department of Psychology, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany.
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (Impact Factor: 2.08). 05/2011; 33(8):910-6. DOI: 10.1080/13803395.2011.574607
Source: PubMed


This study investigated the impact of emotional valence on event-based prospective memory performance in depression. Thirty individuals with depression and 29 healthy adults performed a prospective memory task in which the emotional valence of the prospective targets was manipulated (positive, neutral, negative). Collapsed across all valence conditions, healthy adults outperformed individuals with depression in the prospective memory task. This effect was qualified by planned contrasts indicating that the two groups only differed when responding to positively valenced cues, reflecting a positivity effect in healthy adults. These data are in line with previous research, which shows that healthy participants better remember positively valenced cues, but are the first to show an absence of this effect in those with depression.

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    • "SD = 1.84). The HDS group's mean BDI-II score was similar to or higher than those reported for depressed or HDS groups in previous PM studies (Altgassen et al., 2009, 2011; Chen et al., 2013; Li et al., 2013; Rude et al., 1999). Three participants (all in the HDS group) were on anti-depressant medication . "
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    ABSTRACT: The current study compared time-based prospective memory (PM) for individuals with high depressive symptomatology (HDS) and low depressive symptomatology (LDS). We examined PM accuracy rate, clock-checking frequency, and decrements in ongoing task performance (i.e., costs to ongoing tasks) associated with an embedded time-based PM task. HDS participants demonstrated numerically lower but statistically comparable clock-checking frequency to LDS participants. However, their PM performance was significantly poorer than that of LDS participants. The pattern of observed costs to ongoing tasks and correlational analyses between ongoing task performance and PM accuracy showed that, relative to LDS participants, HDS participants were restricted in their allocation of attentional resources to support PM. We concluded that although HDS and LDS participants externally controlled their time-based PM task performance (i.e., clock-checking) similarly, the HDS participants lacked the cognitive initiative to allocate attentional resources to internally control PM task performance. Such internal control might reflect time-estimation processes, the resources required to maintain the PM task response intention, and/or the ability to coordinate the PM task response with ongoing task demands. To our knowledge, this is the first paper to have examined time-based PM strategies used by HDS individuals beyond clock-checking. The data suggest that interventions that encourage intermittent strategic reviews of PM goals may be beneficial for individuals with high depressive symptomatology.
    Acta psychologica 06/2014; 149:18–23. DOI:10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.02.010 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    • "Furthermore, consistent with the predictions of both relevant theoretical accounts, we found greater depression effects for time-based compared to event-based PM. The null group effect for event-based tasks is consistent with two previous studies that found no depression-related event-based PM deficits (Albin´ski et al., 2012; Altgassen et al., 2011). However depression-related deficits have been demonstrated when event-based PM targets were non-focal to ongoing tasks, and thus required more attentional resources to detect (Altgassen et al., 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the impact of cue type and delay interval on prospective memory performance in depressed, compared to non-depressed, individuals using a clinically relevant measure, the Memory for Intentions Screening Test. The depressed group demonstrated impaired performance on time-based, but not event-based, prospective memory tasks relative to the nondepressed group. The depressed group also demonstrated impaired prospective memory on tasks with longer delay intervals (15 min), but not on tasks with shorter delay intervals (2 min). These data support theoretical frameworks that posit that depression is associated with deficits in cognitive initiative (i.e., reduced ability to voluntarily direct attention to relevant tasks) and thus that depressed individuals are susceptible to poor performance on strategically demanding tasks. The results also raise multiple avenues for developing interventions (e.g., implementation intentions) to improve prospective memory performance among individuals with depression, with potential implications for medication and other treatment adherence. (JINS, 2013, 19, 1-5).
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    • "Furthermore, our results showed that high scores on the Depressive dimension impair PM performance, both in terms of accuracy and latency in the global condition, whereas high scores on the Obsessive–Compulsive scale impair PM accuracy in the local condition. These results corroborate previous findings, which demonstrated that depressive emotional states (Altgassen et al., 2009; 2011; Rude et al., 1999), and obsessive–compulsive tendencies (Cuttler & Graf, 2009; Marsh et al., 2009) lead to a failure to perform the intended action. "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of global/local processing style, field-(in)dependence, and personality disorder traits in event-based prospective memory performance. One hundred and fifty participants took part in an experiment, where they were administered a computerized version of Navon’s global–local task. The PM task required participants to press a designated key whenever a blue compound stimulus was presented. Participants were then administered measures of field-(in)dependence and personality disorder traits. Data were submitted to logistic regression and hierarchical regression, separately for the two conditions (global/local). Results indicated that with respect to condition, global/local processing style, field-(in)dependence, and specific personality disorder traits differently affect PM performance.
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