Clinical Effectiveness of Orthodontic Miniscrew Implants: a Meta-analysis

Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.
Journal of dental research (Impact Factor: 4.14). 05/2011; 90(8):969-76. DOI: 10.1177/0022034511409236
Source: PubMed


The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the clinical effectiveness of miniscrew implants (MI) used for anchorage reinforcement compared with that of conventional orthodontic means, as well as to assess the success rates of MIs and the possible risk factors affecting their clinical effectiveness. Literature searches were conducted, and, using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, two independent investigators performed data extraction and analysis. Overall pooled estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained with the random-effects model. Eight out of 3183 original papers met the inclusion criteria. The mean difference of anchorage loss between the MI and conventional anchorage group was -2.4 mm (95% CI = -2.9 mm to -1.8 mm, p = 0). MIs significantly decreased or negated loss of anchorage. Anchorage loss seemed to be less in the mandible, when the MIs were inserted between the second premolar and the first molar, when 2 MIs were inserted per patient jaw, when they were directly connected, as well as when treatment lasted more than 12 months. MIs presented a success rate of 87.7%, with no significant differences between the various subgroups. However, the results of this meta-analysis should be interpreted with some caution because of the number, quality, and heterogeneity of the included studies.

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    • "Currently, orthodontic mini implants (OMIs) are widely used as anchorage support during orthodontic treatment [1]. These implants are inserted with a minor surgical procedure and loaded immediately. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Orthodontic mini implants can be inserted at the interradicular site. The bone quality at this site may affect the stability and anchorage of the implant. Bone density is clinically evaluated by Hounsfield units (HU) obtained from cone beam CT (CBCT). The objective of this study was to determine the correlations between HU, microhardness and cortical bone thickness of interradicular site at various segments (anterior/posterior) and aspects (buccal/lingual) of both jaws in a swine model.Materials and methods: Eight mandible and maxilla swine bones were scanned by CBCT. The HU and thickness of the above-mentioned sites were determined. Then, a Knoop microhardness test was applied and the Knoop Hardness Number was obtained (KHN). The mandible parameters spread over a wider range than the maxilla. The buccal aspect of the maxilla had higher HU and KHN values than the mandible. The lingual aspect of the mandible had higher KHN values than the maxilla. Posterior segments had higher HU and KHN values. The thickness of the alveolar cortical bone was greater in the maxilla than in the mandible. Correlations were found between HU and KHN for 3 of the 4 sites (anterior or posterior, buccal or lingual) of the mandible only. No correlations were found for the maxilla. Upon pooling the HU and KHN data for the whole jaw, correlation was found for the maxilla as well. Relying on HU values as a predictor of cortical bone hardness should be considered with caution.
    Head & Face Medicine 04/2014; 10(1):12. DOI:10.1186/1746-160X-10-12 · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    • "The reported success rate of the miniscrews ranged from 71.4% to 100% [1,2]. Peri-implantitis accounts for about 30% of miniscrew failures [3]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background This study provides a vital insight in assessing the clinical and biochemical changes in interleukin (IL)-1β levels in peri-miniscrew crevicular fluid (PMCF) during the course of orthodontic tooth movement. Methods The study comprised the analysis of IL-1β in peri-miniscrew crevicular fluid obtained from crevices around the miniscrews inserted in 11 patients (eight females and three males, mean age 17.3 ± 4.64 years) with all first premolar extraction and maximum anchorage requirement using miniscrew-supported anchorage. Miniscrews were loaded at 3 weeks after placement by 200-g nitinol closed coil springs of 9-mm length for en masse retraction. Peri-miniscrew crevicular fluid was collected at miniscrew placement (T1), at 3 weeks (T2/baseline) and on loading at 0 (T3) and 1 day (T4), 21 (T5), 72 (T6), 120 (T7), 180 (T8) and 300 (T9) days. IL-1β levels were estimated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Peri-miniscrew tissue was examined for signs of inflammation, and also, miniscrew mobility was assessed with Periotest and handles of two mouth mirrors. Results IL-1β levels in all miniscrews were significantly higher at T1 and peaked again at T4 showing a bimodal peak. However, there was a gradual and statistically significant decrease in IL-1β till T5, while further changes till the end of the study were statistically not significant. Conclusions The changing levels of IL-1β levels in PMCF over a duration of 300 days are suggestive of the underlying inflammatory process. IL-1β levels in PMCF show a significant rise during miniscrew insertion and on immediate loading. The trend of gradually reducing IL-1β levels around the miniscrew over the period after loading towards baseline is suggestive of adaptive bone response to stimulus.
    04/2014; 15(1):30. DOI:10.1186/s40510-014-0030-4
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    • "No treatment is required unless they are associated with symptoms or considerable radiographic expansion.8 The high prevalence of incidental maxillary sinus findings in the present study is relevant to orthodontics because of the increasing use of miniscrews as temporary anchorage devices.14,15 As postoperative maxillary sinusitis is one of the most concerning sequelae after sinus perforation,16,17 CBCT evaluation for signs of inflammation in the maxillary sinus before miniscrew placement is very important from both the clinical and the medicolegal points of view. "
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of incidental maxillary sinus findings in a large sample of orthodontic patients by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with a wide field of view and assess the relationships of such abnormalities with age and gender. Five hundred thirteen CBCT scans obtained for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning in a Northern Italian population (N = 513; 292 female and 221 male subjects; 1,026 maxillary sinuses) were studied. The frequencies of pseudocysts and mucosal thickening of the maxillary sinus were recorded. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the influence of age and gender on these abnormalities. Pseudocysts were detected in 52 patients (10.1%) and 59 sinuses (5.75%). Mucosal thickening was observed in 206 patients (40.1%) and 258 sinuses (25.1%). Gender and age were significantly associated with pseudocysts (p = 0.027) and mucosal thickening (p < 0.001), respectively. Half of the orthodontic patients had incidental maxillary sinus findings. Men were more likely to show pseudocysts, and older patients (aged 41 - 60 years) were more likely to show mucosal thickening.
    Korean Journal of Orthodontics 12/2012; 42(6):329-34. DOI:10.4041/kjod.2012.42.6.329 · 1.17 Impact Factor
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