Endoglycosidase-mediated incorporation of 18O into glycans for relative glycan quantitation.
ABSTRACT Stable isotopic labeling coupled with mass spectrometry analysis is a promising method of detecting quantitative variations in glycans, which may result in aberrant glycosylation in many disorders and diseases. Although various isotopic labeling methods have been used for relative glycan quantitation, enzymatic (18)O labeling, which offers advantages for glycomics similar to those by protease-catalyzed (18)O labeling for proteomics, has not been developed yet. In this study, endoglycosidase incorporated (18)O into the N-glycan reducing end in (18)O-water as N-glycans were released from glycoproteins, rendering glycan reducing-end (18)O labeling (GREOL) a potential strategy for relative glycan quantitation. This proposed method provided good linearity with high reproducibility within 2 orders of magnitude in dynamic range. The ability of GREOL to quantitatively discriminate between isomeric hybrid N-glycans and complex N-glycans in glycoproteins was validated due to the distinct substrate specificities of endoglycosidases. GREOL was also used to analyze changes in human serum N-glycans associated with hepatocellular carcinoma.
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ABSTRACT: Glycan reductive isotope labeling (GRIL) using [(12)C]- and [(13)C]-coded aniline was used for relative quantitation of N-glycans. In a first step, the labeling method by reductive amination was optimized for this reagent. It could be demonstrated that selecting aniline as limiting reactant and using the reductant in excess is critical for achieving high derivatization yields (over 95 %) and good reproducibility (relative standard deviations ∼1-5 % for major and ∼5-10 % for minor N-glycans). In a second step, zwitterionic-hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography in capillary columns coupled to electrospray mass spectrometry with time-of-flight analyzer (μZIC-HILIC-ESI-TOF-MS) was applied for the analysis of labeled N-glycans released from intact glycoproteins. Ovalbumin, bovine α1-acid-glycoprotein and bovine fetuin were used as test glycoproteins to establish and evaluate the methodology. Excellent separation of isomeric N-glycans and reproducible quantitation via the extracted ion chromatograms indicate a great potential of the proposed methodology for glycoproteomic analysis and for reliable relative quantitation of glycosylation variants in biological samples.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 07/2013; · 3.66 Impact Factor