Primary malignant deciduoid peritoneal mesothelioma: a report of the cytohistological and immunohistochemical appearances.
ABSTRACT Malignant deciduoid mesothelioma (MDM) is a rare variant of epithelioid mesothelioma. This type of tumor might be associated with the asbestos exposure and carries a poor prognosis in general. MDM was first described by Nascimento et al. in 1994 in a peritoneal lesion of a young woman. And its diagnosis is frequently mistaken with florid mesothelial hyperplasia and peritoneal deciduosis. There are 44 MDM cases reported in the literature up today. A 59-year-old woman patient referred to our clinic was identified with an abdominal mass. Computed tomography of whole abdomen of the patient showed a mass with the widest transverse dimension of 65 × 60 mm at abdominal bifurcation in the mesenteric region. The patient was diagnosed with MDM after the cytopathological examination of the fine needle aspiration biopsy performed from the mass. Consequently, she received a total mass excision and right hemicolectomy under general anesthesia. The cytomorphological appearance of the ascitic fluid is detailed for the first time by Gillespie et al. and is described only in two manuscripts. In the present study, we aimed to report a case of a 59-year-old woman since she was diagnosed with MDM and because her cytological findings were further supported by histomorphological and immunohistochemical evaluations of the operation material obtained from the patient.
- American Journal of Surgical Pathology 11/2000; 24(10):1440-3. · 4.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Deciduoid mesothelioma was first described in young females and in the peritoneum, which led to the suggestion that deciduoid mesothelioma was a distinct subtype with specific clinical and pathologic features. Later reports, however, have shown that this type of mesothelioma may also occur in elderly people and in the pleura. Cases reported in the literature so far are limited, and the disease is not well defined. The authors report the histologic, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and clinical findings of 5 cases of deciduoid mesothelioma, and review the literature reports. The results demonstrate that the presence of numerous cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, either dispersed or bundled, appear to be the likely ultrastructural basis for the deciduoid histologic appearance. Twenty-one cases of deciduoid mesothelioma were identified in the literature. Analyses of these 21 cases and the authors' 5 cases showed an age range of 13-78 years (median 53 years) and a slight female predominance (female to male ratio of 1.4:1). Fourteen of 26 cases (54%) occurred in the peritoneum. Seven of 20 patients (35%) had a documented history of asbestos exposure. Fifteen of 20 patients died, with a mean survival time of 7.33 months (range 1-21 months). Five of 20 patients were alive at a follow-up time of 8 months to 5 years. These findings suggest that the so-called deciduoid mesothelioma has some clinical and pathologic features that are dissimilar to mesothelioma in general. Whether it truly represents a pathogenetically distinct variant or merely an expansion of the morphologic spectrum awaits further studies.Ultrastructural Pathology 01/2002; 26(6):355-63. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Seventy-five malignant mesotheliomas of the peritoneum in women were reviewed to highlight their morphologic spectrum. The patients ranged from 17 to 92 (mean, 47.4) years of age. The clinical presentation was usually abdominal or pelvic pain, abdominal swelling (sometimes due to ascites), or a pelvic mass. On microscopic examination, the majority of the tumors had only an epithelial morphology, but 4 were biphasic and 1 was sarcomatoid. The most common epithelial patterns were tubular and papillary (which often coexisted), but 5 tumors were purely diffuse; 2 had cells with abundant glassy eosinophilic cytoplasm (so-called deciduoid mesothelioma). The cells in the tubular and papillary patterns were generally cuboidal with scant to moderate amounts of eosinophilic cytoplasm. Nuclear atypia was usually only mild, although a minority of cases had moderate or even, occasionally, severe atypia. Many tumors had foci that, viewed in isolation, resembled so-called well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma, and accordingly that diagnosis should be made cautiously. Unusual features were lymphoid follicles (13 cases), striking myxoid stroma (5 cases), prominent foamy histiocytes (5 cases), and a striking vascular proliferation (1 case). The varied morphology of peritoneal malignant mesotheliomas may raise a broad differential diagnosis, but in most cases the resemblance to other tumors is limited. Histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy may provide important aid, particularly when tissue is limited, but should be needed only occasionally.American Journal of Clinical Pathology 06/2005; 123(5):724-37. · 2.88 Impact Factor