Prediction of protein-protein interactions: unifying evolution and structure at protein interfaces.
ABSTRACT The vast majority of the chores in the living cell involve protein-protein interactions. Providing details of protein interactions at the residue level and incorporating them into protein interaction networks are crucial toward the elucidation of a dynamic picture of cells. Despite the rapid increase in the number of structurally known protein complexes, we are still far away from a complete network. Given experimental limitations, computational modeling of protein interactions is a prerequisite to proceed on the way to complete structural networks. In this work, we focus on the question 'how do proteins interact?' rather than 'which proteins interact?' and we review structure-based protein-protein interaction prediction approaches. As a sample approach for modeling protein interactions, PRISM is detailed which combines structural similarity and evolutionary conservation in protein interfaces to infer structures of complexes in the protein interaction network. This will ultimately help us to understand the role of protein interfaces in predicting bound conformations.
- SourceAvailable from: Anbu Karani Adikesavan[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Understanding the molecular basis of protein function remains a central goal of biology, with the hope to elucidate the role of human genes in health and in disease, and to rationally design therapies through targeted molecular perturbations. We review here some of the computational techniques and resources available for characterizing a critical aspect of protein function - those mediated by protein-protein interactions (PPI). We describe several applications and recent successes of the Evolutionary Trace (ET) in identifying molecular events and shapes that underlie protein function and specificity in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. ET is a part of analytical approaches based on the successes and failures of evolution that enable the rational control of PPI.Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 05/2014; · 2.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The structural modeling of protein interactions in the absence of close homologous templates is a challenging task. Recently, template-based docking methods have emerged to exploit local structural similarities to help ab-initio protocols provide reliable 3D models for protein interactions. In this work, we critically assess the performance of template-based docking in the twilight zone. Our results show that, while it is possible to find templates for nearly all known interactions, the quality of the obtained models is rather limited. We can increase the precision of the models at expenses of coverage, but it drastically reduces the potential applicability of the method, as illustrated by the whole-interactome modeling of nine organisms. Template-based docking is likely to play an important role in the structural characterization of the interaction space, but we still need to improve the repertoire of structural templates onto which we can reliably model protein complexes.Structure (London, England : 1993). 01/2014;
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ABSTRACT: We present a novel partner-specific protein-protein interaction site prediction method called PAIRpred. Unlike most existing machine learning binding site prediction methods, PAIRpred uses information from both proteins in a protein complex to generate predict pairs of interacting residues from the two proteins. PAIRpred captures sequence and structure information about residue pairs through pairwise kernels that are used for training a support vector machine classifier. As a result, PAIRpred presents a more detailed model of protein binding, and offers state of the art accuracy in predicting binding sites at the protein level as well as inter-protein residue contacts at the complex level. We demonstrate PAIRpred's performance on Docking Benchmark 4.0 and recent CAPRI targets. We present a detailed performance analysis outlining the contribution of different sequence and structure features, together with a comparison to a variety of existing interface prediction techniques. We have also studied the impact of binding-associated conformational change on prediction accuracy and found PAIRpred to be more robust to such structural changes than existing schemes. As an illustration of potential applications of PAIRpred, we provide a case study in which PAIRpred is used to analyze the nature and specificity of the interface in the interaction of human ISG15 protein with NS1 protein from inuenza A virus. Python code for PAIRpred is available at: http://combi.cs.colostate.edu/supplements/pairpred/. © Proteins 2013;. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics 11/2013; · 3.34 Impact Factor