Zhou, Y. et al. Description of Sinomonas soli sp. nov., reclassification of Arthrobacter echigonensis and Arthrobacter albidus (Ding et al. 2009) as Sinomonas echigonensis comb. nov. and Sinomonas albida comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genus Sinomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 62, 764-769
A novel actinomycete strain, designated CW 59T, was isolated from a polluted forest soil sample in Anhui Province, China. Cells were strictly aerobic, non-motile, bent rods. The strain grew optimally at 30-37 °C and pH 6.0-8.0. The major fatty acids were ai-C15:0 (34.7 %), i-C15:0 (11.6 %) and ai-C17:0 (14.9 %); the predominant respiratory quinone was MK-9(H2), with MK-8(H2) present as a minor component. The polar lipid composition of strain CW 59T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two glycolipids and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine (minor component). The whole-cell sugars contained galactose, mannose, ribose and glucose; the major amino acids of the cell-wall were lysine, alanine and glutamic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 66.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CW 59T belonged to the genus Sinomonas and grouped with members of the species Sinomonas atrocyanea, Sinomonas flava, Arthrobacter echigonensis and Arthrobacter albidus. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of CW 59T to S. atrocyanea DSM 20127T, S. flava CW 108T, A. echigonensis LC10T and A. albidus LC13T were 99.5, 99.3, 98.2 and 98.0 %, respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization of the isolate showed relatedness values of 58.3 % (DSM 20127T), 41.8 % (CW 108T), 21.6 % (LC10T) and 25.5 % (LC13T) with its four closest neighbours. The taxonomic relationships of strains LC10T and LC13T with the genus Sinomonas were further clarified by means of a direct experimental comparison; results showed that strains LC10T and LC13T showed the same major fatty acid, polar lipid, cell-wall amino acid, whole-cell sugar and respiratory quinone compositions as members of the genus Sinomonas. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analysis, it is proposed that: strain CW 59T represents a novel species of the genus Sinomonas, Sinomonas soli sp. nov., with CW 59T (=CCTCC AB 207193T=KCTC 19389T) as the type strain; and the type strains of A. echigonensis and A. albidus should be reclassified as Sinomonas echigonensis comb. nov. and Sinomonas albida comb. nov., respectively. An emended description of the genus Sinomonas is given.
"In this study, it is evident that some genera not commonly found in the mangrove environment were discovered, such as Streptacidiphilus, Sinomonas, Terrabacter, and Leifsonia. So far, the different species of Streptacidiphilus were isolated from area such as Pinus soils , acidic rhizosphere soil , and rice field soil , while Sinomonas was mostly discovered in forest soils , polluted forest soil , and volcanic soil . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to isolate and identify Actinobacteria from Malaysia mangrove forest and screen them for production of antimicrobial secondary metabolites. Eighty-seven isolates were isolated from soil samples collected at 4 different sites. This is the first report to describe the isolation of Streptomyces, Mycobacterium, Leifsonia, Microbacterium, Sinomonas, Nocardia, Terrabacter, Streptacidiphilus, Micromonospora, Gordonia, and Nocardioides from mangrove in east coast of Malaysia. Of 87 isolates, at least 5 isolates are considered as putative novel taxa. Nine Streptomyces sp. isolates were producing potent antimicrobial secondary metabolites, indicating that Streptomyces isolates are providing high quality metabolites for drug discovery purposes. The discovery of a novel species, Streptomyces pluripotens sp. nov. MUSC 135(T) that produced potent secondary metabolites inhibiting the growth of MRSA, had provided promising metabolites for drug discovery research. The biosynthetic potential of 87 isolates was investigated by the detection of polyketide synthetase (PKS) and nonribosomal polyketide synthetase (NRPS) genes, the hallmarks of secondary metabolites production. Results showed that many isolates were positive for PKS-I (19.5%), PKS-II (42.5%), and NRPS (5.7%) genes, indicating that mangrove Actinobacteria have significant biosynthetic potential. Our results highlighted that mangrove environment represented a rich reservoir for isolation of Actinobacteria, which are potential sources for discovery of antimicrobial secondary metabolites.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two strains of aerobic, non-motile, Gram-positive cocci were independently isolated from geographically distinct spacecraft assembly clean room facilities (Kennedy Space Center, Florida, USA and Centre Spatial Guyanais, Kourou, French Guiana). A polyphasic study was carried out to delineate the taxonomic identity of these two isolates (1PO5MAT and KO_PS43). The 16S rRNA gene sequences exhibited a high similarity when compared to each other (100%) and lower than 96.7 % relatedness with Arthrobacter crystallopoietes ATCC 15481T, Arthrobacter luteolus ATCC BAA-272T, Arthrobacter tumbae DSM 16406T and Arthrobacter subterraneus DSM 17585T. In contrast to previously described Arthrobacter species, the novel isolates maintained their coccidal morphology throughout their growth and did not exhibit the rod-coccus life cycle typically observed in nearly all Arthrobacter species, except A. agilis. The distinct taxonomic identity of the novel isolates was confirmed based on their unique cell-wall peptidoglycan type (A.11.20; Lys-Ser-Ala2) and polar lipid profile (presence of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, an unkown phospholipid and two unknown glycolipids). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 70.6 mol%. The novel strains revealed MK-9(H2) and MK-8(H2) as dominant menaquinones and exhibited fatty acid profiles consisting of major amounts of anteiso-C15:0 and anteiso-C17:0 and moderate amounts of iso-C15:0 discriminating them again from closely related Arthrobacter species. Based on these observations, the authors propose that strains 1PO5MAT and KO_PS43 be assigned into a separate genus Tersicoccus gen. nov. For this new taxon, comprising strains 1PO5MAT and KO_PS43, we propose the name Tersicoccus phoenicis gen. nov., sp. nov. (the type species of Tersicoccus), represented by the type strain Tersicoccus phoenicis 1PO5MAT (=NRRL B-59547T= DSM 30849T).
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 12/2012; 63(Pt 7). DOI:10.1099/ijs.0.047134-0 · 2.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The genus Arthrobacter is a member of the family Micrococcaceae and compared to other genera of the family, it contains the highest number of species. The genus cannot be considered monophyletic because within the clade embracing all Arthrobacter species also members of other genera of the family are present. Based on quinone system and peptidoglycan structure, the genus Arthrobacter can be subdivided into two major groups. One group is characterized by a quinone system with monosaturated menaquinone [MK-8(H2 and/or MK-9(H2) and peptidoglycan type A3α. The second group contains completely unsaturated menaquinones (MK-8, MK-9, and/or MK-10) and peptidoglycan type A4α. Combining chemotaxonomic and 16S rRNA based data, the genus can be subdivided at least into 11 subgroups. The majority of established species has been isolated from soil and sediments, but some were recovered from clinical specimens, as well. Arthrobacters are heterotrophic bacteria that do not require fastidious growth conditions. Most of them are mesophilic with growth optima below 30 °C, but some strains isolated from cold environments (Arctica, Antarctica, glaciers) are psychrotolerant or even psychrophilic. Numerous arthrobacters have been studied that are able to degrade harmful compounds such as 4-chlorophenol, 4-fluorophenol, 4-nitrophenol, or phenanthrene. Some strains have been identified as a source of enzymes including cold-adapted β-galactosidases. Since the genus Sinomonas harbors three former Arthrobacter species, its species will be dealt with here without separating from Arthrobacter species.
The Prokaryotes, 07/2014: pages 105-132; , ISBN: 978-3-642-30137-7
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