Description of Sinomonas soli sp. nov., reclassification of Arthrobacter echigonensis and Arthrobacter albidus (Ding et al. 2009) as Sinomonas echigonensis comb. nov. and Sinomonas albida comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genus Sinomonas.
ABSTRACT A novel actinomycete strain, designated CW 59T, was isolated from a polluted forest soil sample in Anhui Province, China. Cells were strictly aerobic, non-motile, bent rods. The strain grew optimally at 30-37 °C and pH 6.0-8.0. The major fatty acids were ai-C15:0 (34.7 %), i-C15:0 (11.6 %) and ai-C17:0 (14.9 %); the predominant respiratory quinone was MK-9(H2), with MK-8(H2) present as a minor component. The polar lipid composition of strain CW 59T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two glycolipids and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine (minor component). The whole-cell sugars contained galactose, mannose, ribose and glucose; the major amino acids of the cell-wall were lysine, alanine and glutamic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 66.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CW 59T belonged to the genus Sinomonas and grouped with members of the species Sinomonas atrocyanea, Sinomonas flava, Arthrobacter echigonensis and Arthrobacter albidus. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of CW 59T to S. atrocyanea DSM 20127T, S. flava CW 108T, A. echigonensis LC10T and A. albidus LC13T were 99.5, 99.3, 98.2 and 98.0 %, respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization of the isolate showed relatedness values of 58.3 % (DSM 20127T), 41.8 % (CW 108T), 21.6 % (LC10T) and 25.5 % (LC13T) with its four closest neighbours. The taxonomic relationships of strains LC10T and LC13T with the genus Sinomonas were further clarified by means of a direct experimental comparison; results showed that strains LC10T and LC13T showed the same major fatty acid, polar lipid, cell-wall amino acid, whole-cell sugar and respiratory quinone compositions as members of the genus Sinomonas. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analysis, it is proposed that: strain CW 59T represents a novel species of the genus Sinomonas, Sinomonas soli sp. nov., with CW 59T (=CCTCC AB 207193T=KCTC 19389T) as the type strain; and the type strains of A. echigonensis and A. albidus should be reclassified as Sinomonas echigonensis comb. nov. and Sinomonas albida comb. nov., respectively. An emended description of the genus Sinomonas is given.
- Archiv für Mikrobiologie 02/1960; 36:175-81.
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ABSTRACT: A system has been developed for the identification of aerobic actinomycetes in the clinical laboratory based on analysis of whole cells for diaminopimelic acid and carbohydrates and on the ability of the organism to decompose casein, tyrosine, and xanthine media. The whole-cell analyses were performed by a simple thin-layer chromatographic procedure that is described. Eighteen reference cultures were correctly identified and, subsequently, 35 isolates from clinical material were grouped by using this system. The method is well suited for use in routine clinical laboratories.Applied microbiology 09/1974; 28(2):226-31.
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ABSTRACT: Two Gram-positive or Gram-variable, endospore-forming, moderately halophilic rods (strains TF-11(T) and TF-12(T)) were isolated from a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea and were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strains TF-11(T) and TF-12(T) had cell-wall peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinone found in the two strains was MK-7. The cellular fatty acid profiles of both strains contained large amounts of branched and saturated fatty acids. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C(15 : 0) and iso-C(15 : 0). The DNA G+C contents of strains TF-11(T) and TF-12(T) were respectively 49 and 38 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA sequences showed that strains TF-11(T) and TF-12(T) fell within the radiation of the cluster comprising Bacillus species. The level of 16S rDNA sequence similarity between strains TF-11(T) and TF-12(T) was 98.3 %. Strains TF-11(T) and TF-12(T) exhibited levels of 16S rDNA sequence similarity of less than 96.0 and 96.3 %, respectively, to Bacillus species. The mean level of DNA-DNA relatedness between the two strains was approximately 7 %. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic data and genomic distinctiveness, strains TF-11(T) and TF-12(T) should be placed in the genus Bacillus as two distinct novel species, for which the names Bacillus marisflavi sp. nov. (type strain TF-11(T)=KCCM 41588(T)=JCM 11544(T)) and Bacillus aquimaris sp. nov. (type strain TF-12(T)=KCCM 41589(T)=JCM 11545(T)) are proposed.International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 10/2003; 53(Pt 5):1297-303. · 2.11 Impact Factor