Corneal graft survival and intraocular pressure control after descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty in eyes with pre-existing glaucoma.
ABSTRACT To describe the effect of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) on intraocular pressure (IOP) and corneal graft survival in eyes with pre-existing glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
Retrospective, observational case series.
We performed a retrospective review of 184 eyes that underwent DSAEK from January 2007 through May 2009 at the Singapore National Eye Centre. Eyes with pre-existing glaucoma or ocular hypertension that underwent DSAEK were included, whereas those with a follow-up period of less than 12 months were excluded. Main outcome measures were graft failure and need for additional IOP-lowering treatment after DSAEK.
Forty-seven eyes (51% male; mean age, 66.6 years) with glaucoma underwent DSAEK and were followed-up for a mean of 27.3 ± 8.5 months. Before DSAEK, 60% were taking at least 1 topical IOP-lowering medication, whereas 14 eyes (30%) previously had undergone glaucoma filtration surgery. After DSAEK, visual acuity improved by a mean of 5.4 ± 3.7 Snellen lines. Seventeen percent of grafts failed at a mean of 12.8 ± 7.0 months. The mean IOP increased by 2.1 mm Hg to 16.0 ± 2.5 mm Hg, with 62% requiring additional IOP-lowering treatment and 28% needing filtration surgery at a mean of 9.3 months after DSAEK. Eyes without prior filtration surgery and eyes that underwent additional intraoperative procedures during DSAEK were 10 and 18 times more likely to require IOP-lowering treatment after DSAEK (P = .002 and P = .008), respectively.
With prompt and appropriate intervention, IOP in glaucomatous eyes undergoing DSAEK can be controlled with minimal increase after DSAEK. Eyes with previous filtration surgery require fewer medications to control elevated IOP than eyes that have not had previous surgery.
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ABSTRACT: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) during the first postoperative year after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Retrospective chart review. Fifty-three pseudophakic eyes of 53 patients who underwent PK or DSAEK because of endothelial dysfunction between January 2006 and December 2010 were included. Surgeries consisted of 19 (35.8%) PK procedures and 34 (64.2%) DSAEK procedures. Demographic, preoperative, and postoperative data including IOP, number of medications, rejection and occurrence, and complications were recorded. Patients who had undergone DSAEK had statistically significant lower IOP throughout 12 months after surgery than those who had undergone PK (p = 0.028), despite similar use of IOP-lowering medications during this time. Measurements of postoperative IOP greater than 21 mm Hg and greater than 30 mm Hg were significantly more common in patients who had undergone PK than DSAEK (p = 0.015 and 0.022, respectively). Complication rates were similar between the 2 groups. IOP was not correlated with patient age, sex, background illnesses, or previous glaucoma. IOP is significantly lower after DSAEK compared with PK. Several mechanisms explaining this difference are proposed. New corneal transplantation modalities such as DSAEK, with a better postoperative IOP control, may reduce the risk for later visual loss caused by postoperative glaucomatous damage.Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology 06/2013; 48(3):179-85. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare the 3-year incidence of de novo ocular hypertension (OHT) after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK). For DSAEK, to evaluate predictors for OHT and 2-year outcomes after OHT development. This was a review of the prospective Singapore Corneal Transplant Study at a single tertiary referral center. Consecutive DSAEKs and PKs for Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (FED) and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK) in eyes without pre-existing glaucoma were analyzed. OHT incidence after DSAEK and PK were compared using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and OHT risk factors identified using Cox proportional regression. OHT was defined: intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥ 24 mmHg or ≥ 10 mmHg from baseline. Secondary outcomes 2 years after OHT development in DSAEK were rates of glaucoma medical therapy failure, IOP success, graft failure and rejection, and best-spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA). There were 108 (96.4%) DSAEKs and 216 (96%) PKs. The 1-, 2- and 3-year de novo OHT incidence was not significantly different between DSAEK (36.1%, 47.2%, 47.2%, respectively) and PK (35.7%, 44.9%, 45.8%, respectively; P = 0.914). OHT incidence did not differ in subgroup analyses of multiple clinical variables (P > 0.1). OHT predictors after DSAEK were: fellow eye glaucoma (hazard ratio [HR] 3.20, P = 0.004), age <60 years (HR 2.41, P = 0.016), concurrent goniosynechiolysis (HR 3.29, P = 0.021), post-graft complications or procedures (HR 2.85, P = 0.006). Two years after OHT onset, 29.7% of DSAEKs failed glaucoma medical therapy requiring trabeculectomy. Complete and qualified IOP success was achieved in 23.5% and 76.5%, respectively. Graft failure developed in 9.8% and graft rejection in 5.9%. At 6 months, 1, and 2 years from OHT onset, 86.3%, 88.3%, and 92.1% achieved BSCVA 20/40, respectively. DSAEK and PK have comparable OHT risks. A significant 30% of DSAEK eyes with OHT require filtration surgery. Effective IOP control and good graft and visual outcomes are achieved with treatment.Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) 01/2013; 7:1829-1841.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the outcomes of Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) with the use of continuous air pumping technique in Asian eyes with previous Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation. The DSAEK procedure was modified in that complete air retention of the anterior chamber was maintained for 10 min using continuous air pumping at 30 mm Hg. The primary outcome measurement was graft survival, and postoperative clinical features including, rate of graft detachment, endothelial cell count, intraocular pressure (IOP), surgical time and cup/disc ratio were also recorded. A total of 13 eyes of 13 patients which underwent modified DSAEK and 6 eyes of 6 patients which underwent conventional DSAEK were included. There was a significant difference in graft survival curves between two groups (P = 0.029); the 1-year graft survival rates were estimated as 100% and 66.7% for patients with modified DSAEK and those with traditional DSAEK, respectively. The rate of graft detachment were 0% and 33.3% for the modified DSAEK and conventional DSAEK groups, respectively (P = 0.088). The significantly lowered surgical time for air tamponade was noted in the modified DSAEK group compared to that in the conventional DSAEK group [median (IQR): 10.0 (10.0, 10.0) min vs. 24.5 (22.0, 27.0) min; P<0.001] Postoperatively, patients in the modified DSAEK group had significantly lower IOP as compared to the conventional DSAEK group [12.0 (11.0, 15.0) mm Hg vs. 16.0 (15.0, 18.0) mm Hg; P = 0.047]. Modified DSAEK patients had higher endothelial cell counts as compared to conventional DSAEK patients [2148.0 (1964.0, 2218.0) vs. 1529.0 (713.0, 2014.0)], but the difference did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.072). New continuous air pumping technique in DSAEK can be performed safely and effectively in patients with prior GDDs placement who have corneal failure.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e72089. · 3.53 Impact Factor