Corneal Graft Survival and Intraocular Pressure Control after Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty in Eyes with Pre-existing Glaucoma
ABSTRACT To describe the effect of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) on intraocular pressure (IOP) and corneal graft survival in eyes with pre-existing glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
Retrospective, observational case series.
We performed a retrospective review of 184 eyes that underwent DSAEK from January 2007 through May 2009 at the Singapore National Eye Centre. Eyes with pre-existing glaucoma or ocular hypertension that underwent DSAEK were included, whereas those with a follow-up period of less than 12 months were excluded. Main outcome measures were graft failure and need for additional IOP-lowering treatment after DSAEK.
Forty-seven eyes (51% male; mean age, 66.6 years) with glaucoma underwent DSAEK and were followed-up for a mean of 27.3 ± 8.5 months. Before DSAEK, 60% were taking at least 1 topical IOP-lowering medication, whereas 14 eyes (30%) previously had undergone glaucoma filtration surgery. After DSAEK, visual acuity improved by a mean of 5.4 ± 3.7 Snellen lines. Seventeen percent of grafts failed at a mean of 12.8 ± 7.0 months. The mean IOP increased by 2.1 mm Hg to 16.0 ± 2.5 mm Hg, with 62% requiring additional IOP-lowering treatment and 28% needing filtration surgery at a mean of 9.3 months after DSAEK. Eyes without prior filtration surgery and eyes that underwent additional intraoperative procedures during DSAEK were 10 and 18 times more likely to require IOP-lowering treatment after DSAEK (P = .002 and P = .008), respectively.
With prompt and appropriate intervention, IOP in glaucomatous eyes undergoing DSAEK can be controlled with minimal increase after DSAEK. Eyes with previous filtration surgery require fewer medications to control elevated IOP than eyes that have not had previous surgery.
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ABSTRACT: To report the anatomic and functional outcomes of Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in 32 eyes after failed penetrating keratoplasty (PK). This retrospective, single-center observational study was performed on 32 eyes of 26 patients with failed PK grafts who underwent DSAEK between June 2009 and June 2013 at Clermont-Ferrand University Medical Center. Primary outcomes measured were: graft survival rates, functional improvement (visual acuity), and complications. Mean follow-up was 16.45 months [6-36]. Graft survival at 12 months was 76.1 % [68.1-82.3]. PK grafts cleared in 75 % of cases. Eight primary DSAEKs detached and/or decentered early (prior to day 8, average 6.22 days): 3 underwent repeat DSAEK with a new graft, and 3 underwent conversion to PK. Results were available for 26 patients at 6 months. Mean preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in logMAR increased from 1.48 (counting fingers at 2 meters) to 0.996 logMAR (1/10) at 6 months. BCVA improved in 17 patients (68 %). BCVA improved an average of 5.2 lines (P=0.0006). Eight patients had a large number of comorbid conditions that limited final visual acuity. Anatomic outcomes are similar to other studies. Final average BCVA was limited by severe comorbid conditions and performance of DSAEK solely for comfort. Many surgical strategies have been described to decrease graft dislocation and primary graft failure. Adapting graft trephine diameter to the host cornea as measured by AS-OCT, using a nomogram based on posterior corneal curvature obtained on AS-OCT, may be an interesting approach. DSAEK allows for quick visual recovery by preserving the anterior corneal curvature. It is an essential option for restoring corneal clarity in PK failure due to endothelial decompensation. A longer follow-up would allow a comparison of graft survival for the two techniques in this context. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.Journal francais d'ophtalmologie 01/2015; 38(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jfo.2014.06.009 · 0.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) is a common problem after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and leads to intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation. This study examines the risk factors for IOP elevation and post-keratoplasty glaucoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 47 eyes following PK and of 65 eyes following Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) between 2009 and 2011. The assessment included preoperative history of corneal disease and glaucoma, response to treatment, IOP, and visual acuity. Irido-trabecular contacts (ITC), the angle opening distance (AOD 500) and the anterior chamber angle (ACA 500) were calculated. Results: The incidences of IOP elevation and post-keratoplasty glaucoma were 27-36% and 10-29%, respectively. The incidence did not differ significantly between both procedures. Pre-existing glaucoma increased the risk for developing IOP elevation and post-DSEK glaucoma. Eyes with bullous keratopathy (BK) developed significantly more IOP elevation (p = 0.01, d.f. = 1, χ(2) = 6.11) and post-keratoplasty glaucoma (p = 0.01, d.f. = 1, χ(2) = 6.22) than eyes with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy. Eyes with ITC developed post-keratoplasty glaucoma significantly more often than eyes without ITC (p = 0.01, d.f. = 1, χ(2) = 6.63). Conclusion: IOP elevation and post-keratoplasty glaucoma showed a high incidence. Risk factors like pre-existing glaucoma, BK and PAS elevated the rate of IOP elevation and post-keratoplasty glaucoma for both procedures. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) in 3 consecutive eyes with preexisting and uncontrolled glaucoma after Descemet stripping with automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK).NPDS with intrascleral implant and topical adjunctive intraoperative mitomycin C (0.2 mg/mL 1 minute) was performed.Intraocular pressure (IOP) and number of glaucoma medication were registered before and after NPDS with at least 1-year follow-up. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were also registered.Before NPDS, IOP was 18 mm Hg in 1 patient and 32 mm Hg in the other 2 patients. Four antiglaucoma drugs were used in 2 cases and 3 in the other one. At 1 year after NPDS, all the patients had an IOP ≤18 mm Hg. Two patients required postoperative antiglaucoma medications (1 drug in 1 case and 2 drugs in the other one). Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser goniopuncture was needed in 2 patients and it had to be repeated in 1 of them. No complications related to NPDS were observed. A corneal graft rejection was observed 5 months after NPDS in 1 case that resolved without sequelae with intensive corticosteroid eye-drop therapy.NPDS could be a safe and successful alternative to conventional filtration surgery after DSAEK in eyes with uncontrolled glaucoma. Larger series and a longer follow-up would be necessary to set the actual role of surgery in DSAEK patients.Medicine 02/2015; 94(6):e543. DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000000543 · 4.87 Impact Factor