The interfacial tension of the lipid membrane formed from lipid-amino acid systems.

Institute of Chemistry, University in Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
Cell biochemistry and biophysics (Impact Factor: 3.34). 05/2011; 61(2):289-96. DOI: 10.1007/s12013-011-9207-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The interfacial tension of lipid membranes composed of phosphatidylcholine (lecithin, PC)-valine (Val), phosphatidylcholine-isoleucine (Ile), phosphatidylcholine-tyrosine (Tyr), and phosphatidylcholine-phenylalanine (Phe) has been studied. The membrane components formed 1:1 complexes. The interfacial tension measurements were used to determine the membrane surface concentration A (3)(-1), the membrane interfacial tension γ(3), and the stability constant K.

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    ABSTRACT: The wettability of the articular surface of cartilage depends on the condition of its surface active phospholipid overlay, which is structured as multi-bilayer. Based on a hypothesis that the surface of cartilage facilitates the almost frictionless lubrication of the joint, we examined the characteristics of this membrane surface entity in both its normal and degenerated conditions using a combination of atomic force microscopy, contact angle measurement, and friction test methods. The observations have led to the conclusions that (1) the acid-base equilibrium condition influences the lubrication effectiveness of the surface of cartilage and (2) the friction coefficient is significantly dependent on the hydrophobicity of the surface of the tissue, thereby confirming the hypothesis tested in this paper. Both wettability angle and interfacial energy were obtained for varying conditions of the cartilage surface both in its wet, dry and lipid-depleted conditions. The interfacial energy also increased with mole fraction of the lipid species reaching an asymptotic value after 0.6. Also, the friction coefficient was found to decrease to an asymptotic level as the wettability angle increased. The result reveal that the interfacial energy increased with pH till pH = 4.0, and then decreased from pH = 4.0 to reach equilibrium at pH = 7.0.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics 10/2012; · 3.34 Impact Factor


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