A robotic endoscope based on minimally invasive locomotion and wireless techniques for human colon
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Traditional endoscopy may cause tissue trauma and discomfort to patients because of the use of relatively long and semi-rigid scopes. METHODS: A wireless robotic endoscope has been designed based on minimally invasive locomotion and wireless techniques for energy, monitoring, and telecontrol. RESULTS: The robotic endoscope can move forward or backward effectively in a smooth synthetic glass tube. The increase of the tube dip angle reduces the relative speed. The robot moves with lower efficiency because of the viscoelasticity of intestinal tissue in in vitro pig colon. The wireless power system can continuously and stably provide a minimum 378 mW energy, which exceeds the maximum system consumption. The video system realizes wireless image transmission at 30 frames per second. Doctors control the robot remotely using a communication frequency of 433 MHz. CONCLUSIONS: The prototype robot shows the possibility of clinical application, but needs further improvement and testing. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Multiple research groups are currently attempting to develop less-invasive robotic capsule endoscopes (RCEs) with better outcomes for enteroscopic procedures. Understanding the biomechanical response of the bowel to RCE is crucial for optimizing the design of these devices. For this reason, this study aims to develop an analytical model to predict the anchoring force of the model when travelling through the intestine. Previous work has developed, characterized and tested the frictional characteristics of the intestine with microgroove structures that had different surface contours. This work tested basic anchoring force characteristics with custom-built testers and clamping mechanism dummies to analyse the robot clamping movement (which is vital to improving movement efficiency). Balloon-shaped and leg-based clamping mechanisms were developed, which were found to have variable anchoring forces from 0.01 N to 1.2 N. After analysing the experimental results it was found that: (a) robot weight does not play a major role in anchoring force; (b) an increase in anchoring force corresponded to an increase in diameter of the clamping mechanism; and (c) textured contact surfaces effectively increased friction. These results could be explained by the biomechanical response of the intestine, friction and mucoadhesion characteristics of the small intestine material. With these factors considered, a model was developed for determining anchoring force in the small intestine.Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology 07/2013; 37(5):334-341. DOI:10.3109/03091902.2013.812688
- Expert Review of Medical Devices 07/2013; 10(4):433-6. DOI:10.1586/17434440.2013.811832
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents a wireless power transfer system integrated with an active locomotion and biopsy module in an endoscopic capsule for colon inspection. The capsule, which can move automatically, is designed for non-invasive biopsy and visual inspection of the intestine. To supply enough power for multiple functions and ensure safety for the human body, the efficiency of the current power transmission system needs to be improved. To take full advantage of the volume in the capsule body, a novel structure of receiving coils wound on a multi-core of MnZn ferrite hollow cylinder was used; with this new core, the efficiency increased to more than 7.98%. Up to 1.4 W of dc power can be delivered to the capsule as it travels along the gastrointestinal tract. Three micro motors were integrated for pumping, anchoring, locomotion and biopsy. A user interface and RF communication enables the operator to drive the capsule in an intuitive manner. To gauge the efficacy of the wireless power supply in a simulated real-world application, the biopsy and locomotion capabilities of the device were successfully tested in a slippery, soft tube and gut environment in vitro.Physiological Measurement 10/2013; 34(11):1545-1561. DOI:10.1088/0967-3334/34/11/1545