An efficient gram scale synthesis of 3-fluoro-1-hydroxyacetone phosphate (FHAP) has been developed. As a close analog to dihydroxyacetone phosphate, FHAP was used as a novel donor substrate for rabbit muscle aldolase catalyzed reactions. The different binding affinities of the gem-diol and keto form of FHAP were studied by (19)F-NMR.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glycerol kinase catalyses the phosphorylation of the symmetrical substrate, 2-dexoy-2-flurooglycerol, by ATP to an asymmetric product, 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate. The stereospecificity of the enzymic reaction was extablished by unambiguous chemical synthesis of 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-sn-glycerol labelled with 2H at C-1, followed by glycerol kinase-catalysed phosphorylation and isolation of the labelled phosphate. The configuration of the 2H-labelled phosphate was determined by n.m.r. spectroscopy. This enzymic phosphorylation of 2-dexoy-2-fluoroglycerol is absolutely stereospecific in the same sence as that of glycerol, with fluorine replacing the C-2 hydroxy group. The behaviour of fluorine as a hydroxy analogue in directing the stereospecific course of the enzyme reaction is relevant to the use of the fluorine atom of fluoro analogues of substrate as a reporter group for hydroxy-binding sites of enzymes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rabbit muscle aldolase catalyzes the exchange with solvent of all three methyl hydrogens of hydroxyacetone phosphate. Under saturating conditions, rates of the following processes have been measured: deuteration of hydroxyacetone phosphate in 2H2O (by an NMR method), tritiation of hydroxyacetone phosphate in H2O and 2H2O, and detritiation of tritiated hydroxyacetone phosphate in H2O and 2H2O. It is clear from these measurements (1) that there is no primary kinetic isotope effect and hence that hydrogen abstraction is not rate determining to the exchange and (2) that only one (as the closest integer) methyl hydrogen exchanges per turnover. The argument is made that these observations are mutually exclusive in terms of the accepted aldolase mechanism in the absence of further restrictions imposed by the enzyme. Possible restrictions are discussed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rabbit muscle aldolase catalyses the stereospecific exchange of the pro S C 1 of o dihydroxyacetone phosphate, D fructose 1,6 bisphosphate and D fructose 1 phosphate. The rate of exchange, however, is at least 400 times slower than the proton exchange of the pro S hydrogen at C 3 in dihydroxyacetone phosphate.
European Journal of Biochemistry 07/1976; 66(1):95-104. · 3.58 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.