The HyPRP gene EARLI1 has an auxiliary role for germinability and early seedling development under low temperature and salt stress conditions in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China (Ministry of Education), Institute of Life Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, Shaanxi, China.
Planta (Impact Factor: 3.38). 05/2011; 234(3):565-77. DOI: 10.1007/s00425-011-1425-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effect of the hybrid proline-rich protein (HyPRP) gene EARLI1 on the rate of germination (germinability) of Arabidopsis seeds and seedling growth under low temperature and salt stress conditions was investigated. EARLI1 was induced during germination in embryonic tissues, and was strongly expressed in certain parts of young seedlings. Comparisons of control, overexpressing (OX), and knockout (KO) lines indicated that higher than wild type levels of EARLI1 improved germinability, root elongation, and reduction of sodium accumulation in leaves under salt stress, as well as germinability under low-temperature stress. Abscisic acid (ABA) contents were relatively low after prolonged salt stress, suggesting that EARLI1 has an ABA-independent effect on germinability under these conditions. Overexpression of EARLI1 during germination enhanced the sensitivity of seeds to exogenously applied ABA, suggesting that EARLI1 has an ABA-dependent negative effect on seed germinability under high ABA stress conditions. Well-known stress response marker genes such as COR15a, KIN1, P5SC1, and RD29 were unaffected whereas P5SC2, RD22, or RAB18 were only slightly affected in OX and KO plants. The pleiotropic effects of EARLI1 during stress and an absence of strong regulatory effects on stress marker genes suggest that this HyPRP gene has an auxiliary role for various stress protection responses in Arabidopsis.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A plant(')s capability to cope with environmental challenges largely relies on signal transmission through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades. In Arabidopsis thaliana, MPK3 is particularly strongly associated with numerous abiotic and biotic stress responses. Identification of MPK3 substrates is a milestone towards improving stress resistance in plants. Here, we characterise AZI1, a lipid transfer protein (LTP)-related hybrid proline-rich protein (HyPRP) as a novel target of MPK3. AZI1 is phosphorylated by MPK3 in vitro. As documented by co-immunoprecipitation and bimolecular fluorescence complementation experiments, AZI1 interacts with MPK3 to form protein complexes in planta. Furthermore, null mutants of azi1 are hypersensitive to salt stress, while AZI1 overexpressing lines are markedly more tolerant. AZI1 overexpression in the mpk3 genetic background partially alleviates the salt-hypersensitive phenotype of this mutant, but functional MPK3 appears to be required for the full extent of AZI1-conferred robustness. Notably, this robustness does not come at the expense of normal development. Immunoblot and RT-PCR data point to a role of MPK3 as positive regulator of AZI1 abundance.
    Molecular Plant 11/2013; · 6.13 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, the cDNA coding for a hybrid proline-rich protein (HyPRP) was isolated from cotton cDNA libraries and designated GhHyPRP3. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence revealed that it contained an N-terminal signal peptide, a central proline-rich domain, and a C-terminal cysteine-rich domain highly homologous to other hybrid proline-rich group B proteins. RNA gel blot analysis showed that GhHyPRP3 mRNA was most abundant in petals and 10 DPA ovules indicating that expression of GhHyPRP3 was petal-preferential and ovule developmentally regulated. In addition, GhHyPRP3 transcription in roots was up-regulated by salt stress, cold stress, and osmotic stress, but down-regulated by GA3. A promoter-GUS reporter revealed that the GhHyPRP3 promoter directed gene expression in root–shoot junction, roots, and petals of transgenic Arabidopsis plants. Subcellular localization results showed that GhHyPRP3 was localized to the plasma membrane. Transgenic lines overexpressing GhHyPRP3 had a higher germination rate under cold temperature and high salinity stress conditions compared with wild type. Overall, GhHyPRP3 may function in flower and ovule development and participate in the defense responses to low temperature and salt stress.
    Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 35(5). · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a series of microarray-based leaf and crown transcriptome comparisons involving three barley cultivars (cvs. Luxor, Igri and Atlas 68) which express differing degrees of frost tolerance. The transcripts were obtained following the exposure of seedlings to low (above and below zero) temperatures, aiming to identify those genes and signalling/metabolic pathways which are associated with frost tolerance. Both the leaves and the crowns responded to low temperature by the up-regulation of a suite of abscisic acid (ABA)-responsive genes, most of which have already been recognized as components of the plant low temperature response. The inter-cultivar comparison indicated that genes involved in maintaining the leaf's capacity to synthesize protein and to retain chloroplast activity were important for the expression of frost tolerance. In the crown, the repression of genes associated with nucleosome assembly and transposon regulation were the most relevant transcriptional changes associated with frost tolerance, highlighting the role of gene repression in the cold acclimation response.
    Functional & integrative genomics. 05/2014;


Available from
Jun 4, 2014