Prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to different definitions in a hypertensive population.
ABSTRACT The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Several definitions of MetS have been proposed. The aim of the present study was to estimate and compare the prevalence of MetS according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III), American Heart Association-National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (AHA-NHLBI), International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the more recent Joint Interim Statement (JIS) definitions in patients attending a hypertension clinic.
The records of patients referred to the hypertension clinic at the University Hospital (Heraklion, Crete) from January 2001 to June 2009 were screened retrospectively. A total 384 patients (146 men) were included in the study.
The prevalence of MetS according to the IDF and JIS definitions was significantly higher compared with that of the NCEP ATP III in both genders (IDF: P = .009 and P = .002, JIS: P = .002 and P = 0.001 for men and women, respectively); this was the case for the AHA-NHLBI definition only among women (P = .03). All MetS components differed significantly (P from < .0001 to .02) between patients with and without MetS for all definitions.
The prevalence of MetS varies considerably depending on the definition used in a hypertensive population in a Mediterranean country. These differences will influence risk assessment.