Hepatoprotective and neuroprotective activity of liposomal quercetin in combating chronic arsenic induced oxidative damage in liver and brain of rats.

Biomembrane Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata-700032, India.
Drug Delivery (Impact Factor: 2.2). 05/2011; 18(6):451-9. DOI: 10.3109/10717544.2011.577110
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Arsenic is a naturally occurring toxicant that causes acute and chronic adverse health effects, including cancer.
The study was performed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of liposome entrapped flavonoidal quercetin in combating arsenic toxicity mediated oxidative damage in hepatocytes and brain cells in rat model.
Hepatic and neuronal cell damage in rats was made by daily arsenic (6 mg/kg b wt, 9 mg/kg b wt and 12 mg/kg b wt) treatment via oral route for four consecutive months. Liposomal quercetin (2.71 mg QC/kg b. wt) were injected s.c. on rats treated with 12 mg/kg b. wt. NaAsO(2) twice a week for four months.
Inorganic arsenic deposition was found to be most significant in hepatic (9.32 ± 0.100 µg/g tissue) and neuronal (6.21 ± 0.090 µg/g tissue) cells of rats treated with 12 mg/kg b wt of arsenite. Antioxidant levels in hepatic and neuronal cells were reduced significantly by the induction of arsenic. Liposomal quercetin was found most potent for a complete prevention of arsenite-induced reduction in antioxidant levels in the liver and brain of rats. Arsenic induced a substantial increase in hepatic hydroxyproline (HP) and Liposomal quercetin treatment resulted in complete replenishment of the HP level to normal. Liposomal quercetin completely prevented the arsenite-induced upregulation of cytochrome c expression in liver and brain significantly suggesting that the protective effect of Liposomal quercetin could be related to the reduction of arsenic deposition in both the organs.
Thus, Liposomal quercetin might prove to be of therapeutic potential against arsenite-induced hepatic and neuronal cell damage in rats.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lindera obtusiloba Blume, a native plant of East Asia, has traditionally been used as a folk medicine for liver disease. We studied the in vitro antioxidant and in vivo hepatoprotective activities of a 70% ethanolic extract of L. obtusiloba (LOE) containing 62.9% quercitrin and 22.0% afzelin. LOE prevented tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells. Along with its high antioxidant potency in vitro, our animal study confirmed that pretreatment with LOE (500 or 2,000 mg/kg) for 7 days prior to a single dose of t-BHP (i.p.; 0.5 mmol/kg) significantly lowered the serum levels of alanine and aspartate aminotransferases. In addition, glutathione levels were increased in the liver, and lipid peroxidation levels were decreased in a dose-dependent manner. The histopathological examinations of rat livers showed that LOE significantly reduced the incidence of liver lesions induced by t-BHP. Therefore, we concluded that LOE has merit as a potent candidate to protect the liver against oxidative damage.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 12/2012; · 2.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid), a conditionally essential amino acid, is found in large concentrations in all mammalian tissues and is particularly abundant in aquatic foods. Taurine exhibits membrane stabilizing, osmoregulatory and cytoprotective effects, antioxidative properties, regulates intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, modulates ion movement and neurotransmitters, reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in various organs and controls blood pressure. Recently, emerging evidence from the literature shows the effectiveness of taurine as a protective agent against several environmental toxins and drug-induced multiple organ injuries as the outcome of hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, testicular toxicity and cardiotoxicity in several animal models. Besides, taurine is also effective in combating diabetes and its associated complications, including cardiomyopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy and atherosclerosis. These beneficial effects appear to be due to the multiple actions of taurine on cellular functions. This review summarizes the mechanism of the prophylactic role of taurine against several environmental toxins and drug-induced organ pathophysiology and diabetes.
    Food & function. 08/2012;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Exposure to environmental pollutants and drugs can result in pathophysiological situations in the body. Research in this area is essential as the knowledge on cellular survival and death would help in designing effective therapeutic strategies that are needed for the maintenance of the normal physiological functions of the body. In this regard, naturally occurring bio-molecules can be considered as potential therapeutic targets as they are normally available in commonly consumed foodstuffs and are thought to have minimum side effects. This review article describes the detailed mechanisms of oxidative stress-mediated organ pathophysiology and the ultimate fate of the cells either to survive or to undergo necrotic or apoptotic death. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial role of a number of naturally occurring bioactive molecules in oxidative stress-mediated organ pathophysiology have also been included in the review. The review provides useful information about the recent progress in understanding the mechanism(s) of various types of organ pathophysiology, the complex cross-talk between these pathways, as well as their modulation in stressed conditions. Additionally, it suggests possible therapeutic applications of a number of naturally occurring bioactive molecules in conditions involving oxidative stress.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 09/2013; · 2.99 Impact Factor