Health Promotion and Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents in Turkey

Department of Public Health Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Nursing, Ankara, Turkey.
The Journal of School Nursing (Impact Factor: 1.11). 05/2011; 27(4):304-15. DOI: 10.1177/1059840511408322
Source: PubMed


Adolescents experience the onset and development of several health-related behaviors. The purpose of this study is to determine health risk and promotion behaviors of adolescents between the ages of 11 and 19 who were attending and to test the reliability and validity analysis of the Turkish version of Adolescent Health Promotion Scale (AHPS). The study was a cross-sectional survey and the sample consisted of 1,351 participants. A questionnaire that included demographic information, health risk behaviors, and AHPS was used to collect data. In the current study, the Cronbach's α coefficient for the AHPS was calculated as .92. Female students had significantly higher mean total scale scores than males (p < .05). The 11-14 age group had a statistically significant higher scale total mean score than the 15-19 age group (p = .001). International directives highlight the important function nurses fulfill in health promotion. Nurses may play a key role in school health services.

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Available from: Serpil Ozdemir, Oct 04, 2015
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    • "The study was done among adolescents in turkey and suggested that school environment provides important opportunities for health promotion and supporting the avoidance of risk behaviors. Ortabag 2011 et al., concluded, although high school age adolescents need more education and opportunities to focus on nutrition and exercise, health responsibility, stress management behaviors, all schools should consider it important, but they need to give higher priority to teaching and implementing specific programs that foster healthy lifestyles for adolescents. Risky behaviors in adolescents must be identified and be given more education and opportunities to develop more healthy lifestyles. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Adolescent health is often overseen in developing countries. Many needs of adolescents are left unmet. Adolescent Friendly Health Services (AFHS) which provide a broad range of preventive, promotive and curative services under one roof can help to ensure changes in health promoting behavior of adolescents. School is the ideal place to educate adolescents on health promotion. Objectives of the study:1.)To identify the health and development problems prevailing among the young adolescents. 2.) To determine the health promoting behaviours of adolescents who attended adolescent friendly services at school.3.)To provide guidance and counselling to adolescents on Physical health, psychosocial health, life style Modification and school performance through adolescent friendly centre. Research method: One group pretest –posttest design. Sample and setting: Total of 259 adolescents (158 girls and 101 boys) studying in the 9 th and 11 th standard of a private higher secondary school in Coimbatore district. Data analysis and interpretation: The data was analysed using SPSS 16 version. The main results of the study showed the "self "and "school" domains of the MSLSS scale had significant difference at 0.01 level before and after attending adolescent friendly services. Conclusion: Attending adolescent friendly services at school campus can bring about changes in health promoting behavior of adolescents.
    01/2014; DOI:10.9790/1959-03215862
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    ABSTRACT: Background Health promotion for adolescents has become a research priority worldwide and life at school offers a good opportunity to establish health promoting behavior among this age group. Objectives This study aimed to investigate health behaviors of a sample of adolescents in Bandar Abbas, Iran. Materials and Methods Totally, 410 students including 204 males and 206 females studying in grades 9 to 12 and aged between 15–18 years old were studied. The instruments used to collect data were a self administered demographic questionnaire and the scale of Adolescent Health Promotion (AHP). Results The mean age of participants was 16.5 (SD = 1.34) years. The mean score of Adolescent Health Promotion (AHP) scale was 64.8 (SD = 8.9) ranging from 34.3 to 89.9. Female students scored significantly higher for health-responsibility, life-appreciation, and stress-management than male students (P < 0.05). In contrast, male students scored higher scores on exercise behavior than female (P < 0.05). All dimensions of AHP scale except for nutrition behavior and social support was associated with gender and nutrition behavior was associated with age (P < 0.05). Conclusions This study indicated that sedentary life style and physical inactivity is a common and serious problem among high school students of Bandar Abbas.
    06/2013; 2(1):34-8. DOI:10.5812/ijhrba.8842
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    ABSTRACT: ÖZET Bu araştırma, hemşirelik öğrencilerinin sağlık algısı ile sağlığı geliştirme davranışları arasındaki ilişkinin ve eğitimin sağlığı geliştirme davranışları ve sağlık algısı üzerine etkisinin incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Tanımlayıcı tipteki çalışma Mart-Nisan 2007 tarihleri arasında yürütülmüştür. Araştırmanın örneklemini, Ankara’da bir Hemşirelik Yüksekokulunda araştırmaya katılmayı kabul eden 361 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Verilerintoplanmasında, literatür bilgileri doğrultusunda geliştirilen 22 sorudan oluşan anket formu, Esin (1997) tarafından geçerlilik ve güvenirlik çalışması yapılmış olan sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları ölçeği ve sağlık durumunu algılama ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Veriler SPSS 15.00 paket programında değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda; öğrencilerin sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları ölçeğinden aldıkları puan ortalamasının 130.2±19.2 (alt puan:65, üst puan:185) olduğu saptanmıştır. Sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları ölçeğinin alt boyutlarında sağlığın geliştirilmesine katkıda bulunan davranışlar incelendiğinde; kendini gerçekleştirme alt ölçeği puan ortalaması 35.8±7.3, sağlık sorumluluğu alt ölçeği puan ortalaması 26.2±6.5, kişiler arası destek alt ölçeği puan ortalaması 20.3±3.5, stres yönetimi alt ölçeği puan ortalaması 18.2±3.4, beslenme alt ölçeği puan ortalaması 17.2±3.3 ve egzersiz alt ölçeği puan ortalaması 12.2±4.0 olarak belirlenmiştir. Öğrencilerin %74.2’sinin sağlığını “iyi” olarak algıladığı ve %62.0’nın gelecekte sağlığını kontrol edebilme inancının “çok fazla” olduğu belirlenmiştir. SYBD ölçeği toplam puanı yüksek olan öğrencilerin sağlık durumlarını çok iyi olarak algıladıkları saptanmıştır (F:20.134; p<0.001). Anahtar kelimeler: Sağlığı algılama, sağlığı geliştirme, hemşirelik öğrencileri ABSTRACT Relationship between perceptions of health status and health promotion behaviors in nursing students This research was conducted as a descriptive study in order to determine relationship between nursing students’ perceptions of their health status and health promotion behaviors and the effect of education on their health status and health promotion behaviors. The study was conducted between March and April 2007. The sample of the study includes 361 nursing students has established School of Nursing who agreed to participate in research. The data was collected through an inquiry (22 questions) and through the Healthy Life Style Behaviour Scale and Health Perception Scale. The data were evaluated by SPSS 15.0 package programme. The average score was found to be 130.2±19.2 from the Healthy Life Style Behaviors Scale (lower scores: 65, top score: 185). The Healthy Life Style Behaviour subscale score was 35.8 ± 7.3 for self-realization, 26.2 ± 6.5 for health responsibility, 20.3 ± 3.5 for interpersonal support, 18.2 ± 3.4 for stress management, 17.2 ± 3.3 for nutrition and 12.2 ± 4.0 for physical activity. 74.2%of the students perceived their health as a “good” and 62.0%believed that to have too much control over their health in the future. Students who had higher total score of the Healthy Life Style Behaviour Scale were perceived to be a very good health status (F:20.134; p<0.001). Key words: Health perception, health promotion, nursing students
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