A Retrospective Review of TATRC Funding for Medical Modeling and Simulation Technologies
ABSTRACT In February 2000, the U.S. Army's Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) and the U.S. Army's Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation Command cohosted an Integrated Research Team conference in Maryland. The goal of the conference was to enable end users, researchers, materiel developers, and other government agencies to present their conceptions of how modeling and simulation could and should be developed to meet military medical needs. During the past 9 years, TATRC has funded more than 175 projects relating to simulation.
This study was a retrospective review of TATRC's Modeling and Simulation Training projects (N = 175).
Our results show that most (>75%) of the funded projects in this study involved industry. More than 85% of the projects that involved industry focused on technology development. Industry development projects seemed to meet their deliverables in a timely fashion. However, academia projects using industry-developed technologies and prototypes were delayed largely because the technologies did not meet their needs.
There seems to be a measurable gap between industry's definition of a completed product technology and academia's ability to implement and use the technology in interactive learning environments. Our findings support the need for a standardized strategic design process that involves a strong industry-academia collaboration and early end-user testing to better facilitate the development of sound requirements that guide technology development.
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ABSTRACT: Large organizations develop layers and rules for members to operate within accepted processes and conventions whereas innovation tends to occur in a less constrained, less conventional, and less risk averse environment. This basic cultural difference creates a need for protected semi-autonomous centers that cultivate great ideas, providing freedom to explore new concepts and harbor the zealots to champion them past institutional barriers to change. The management objective at the Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) is to advocate and accelerate technology development and ensure benefi cial implementation in the shortest possible time. TATRC accomplishes this objective through integrating multidisciplinary teams that combine engineering technology and physical sciences with both basic and applied clinical biosciences to solve medical problems. This convergence in medical research complements Department of Defense (DoD) investments in long term basic research and large investments in high risk problem solving. TATRC successes in this technology push to satisfy clinical need began with radiograph digitization standards and has continued to spin out medical systems and program initiatives to new DoD core programs in rehabilitative medicine (e.g., regenerative medicine, advanced prosthetics, vision research, and integrative pain management), medical modeling and simulation, and current combat zone telemedicine applications. TATRC technology scouts look for transformational approaches across traditional boundaries and provide active assistance to build new capabilities and to successfully complete projects through commercialization and DoD implementation. Many near term problems can be addressed by mature technologies in medical robotics, synthetic biology, tissue engineering, nano- and biomaterials science, medical imaging, and neuroengineering. Everyday technologies such as smartphones can be immediately harnessed for better access to medical c- re, improved safety and efficiency in medicine, technology management and ultimately reduced medical costs. The end result of this culture of convergence can be transformational, calling for disruptive change in technology and capability as exemplifi ed by telemedicine and m-Health, fostered through the unique TATRC research management model.IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine 01/2012; 12(3):14-29. DOI:10.1109/MCAS.2012.2205974 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The escalating pace of technologies such as computers and mobile communications systems, along with major advances in neurobiology, increase opportunities for military medical problem solving. This convergence of information technology and medicine is new as a core funded program in military medical research; foundational research has been conducted through congressional special interest projects, small business innovative research programs (SBIRs) and other special funding programs in the Department of Defense (DoD) for more than a decade. Five main thrust areas form the new funded program supported by the Joint Program Committee 1 (JPC1) to transform military health care to a safer, predictive, preventative, evidence-based, and participatory system. These focus areas include medical simulation and training, mobile health (m-Health), open electronic health record and medical systems interoperability, computational biology and predictive models, and knowledge engineering. This modest investment in transformational research stands to produce huge benefits in cost savings in military medicine through improved efficiencies provided with everyday technologies.06/2013: chapter Joint Program Committee 1/Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center;