Fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of meningiomas
ABSTRACT Although the vast majority of meningiomas are not malignant, their location within the cranial vault often leads to the development of symptoms. Traditional therapy has included observation, surgical resection, radiation therapy or a multimodality approach. The objective of this study is to review the outcomes in patients with meningioma treated at our institution using stereotactic radiosurgery.
A total of 73 patients (median age of 59, 15 male and 58 female) with meningioma (median volume of 5.54 cc) underwent Cyber Knife TM stereotactic radiosurgery at our institution. Sixty patients had WHO grade 1 meningioma, eleven patients had WHO grade 2 meningioma, and two patients had WHO grade 3 meningioma. Treatment consisted of a median dose of 17.5 Gy (range, 6 - 27 Gy) delivered over a median of three fractions (range: 1 - 5). The patients were followed by clinical examination as well as serial imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The median follow-up was 16.1 months (range, 1.5 - 98.0). Follow-up MRI was available in all 73 patients. Local failure was documented in 11 cases. Actuarial local control at one year was 95, 71, and 0% for WHO grade 1, WHO grade 2, and WHO grade 3, respectively. There was no acute grade 3 or greater toxicity and only one episode of late grade 3 toxicity. A subjective improvement in the existing, tumor-related symptoms was noted in 60% of the patients.
Stereotactic radiosurgery is a safe and effective treatment for meningioma. Tumor-related symptoms often improve after treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a tumor suppressor syndrome characterized by bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS) which often result in deafness despite aggressive management. Meningiomas, ependymomas, and other cranial nerve and peripheral schwannomas are also commonly found in NF2 and collectively lead to major neurologic morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, the overall survival rate in patients with NF2 is estimated to be 38% at 20 years from diagnosis. Hence, there is a desperate need for new, effective therapies. Recent progress in understanding the molecular basis of NF2 related tumors has aided in the identification of potential therapeutic targets and emerging clinical therapies. In June 2010, representatives of the international NF2 research and clinical community convened under the leadership of Drs. D. Gareth Evans (University of Manchester) and Marco Giovannini (House Research Institute) to review the state of NF2 treatment and clinical trials. This manuscript summarizes the expert opinions about current treatments for NF2 associated tumors and recommendations for advancing therapies emerging from that meeting. The development of effective therapies for NF2 associated tumors has the potential for significant clinical advancement not only for patients with NF2 but for thousands of neuro-oncology patients afflicted with these tumors. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 01/2012; 158A(1). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.34359 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To find out whether the use of stereotactic techniques for fractionated radiotherapy reduces toxicity to the endocrine and visual system in patients with benign perioptic tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1993 to 2009, 29 patients were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. The most frequent tumor types were grade I meningioma (n = 11) and pituitary adenoma (n = 10, 7 nonfunctioning, 3 growth hormone-producing). Patients were immobilized with the GTC frame (Radionics, USA) and the planning target volume (PTV; median 24.7, 4.6-58.6 ml) was irradiated with a total dose of 52.2 Gy (range, 45.0-55.8 Gy) in 1.8-Gy fractions using a linear accelerator (6 MeV photons) equipped with a micro-multileaf collimator. Maximum doses to the optic system and pituitary gland were 53.4 Gy (range, 11.5-57.6 Gy) and 53.6 Gy (range, 12.0-57.9 Gy). RESULTS: Median follow-up was 45 months (range, 10-105 months). Local control was achieved in all but 1 patient (actuarial rate 92% at 5 years and 10 years). In 9 of 29 patients (31%), partial remission was observed (actuarial response rate 40% at 5 years and 10 years). In 4 of 26 patients (15%) with at least partial pituitary function, new hormonal deficits developed (actuarial rate 21% at 5 years and 10 years). This rate was significantly higher in patients treated for a larger PTV (< /> 25 ml: 0% vs. 42% at 5 years and 10 years, p = 0.028). Visual function improved in 4 of 15 patients (27%) who had prior impairment. None of the patients developed treatment-related optic neuropathy, but 2 patients experienced new disease-related visual deficits. CONCLUSION: Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for benign tumors of the perioptic and sellar region results in satisfactory response and local control rates and does not affect the visual system. The assumption that patients can be spared hypophyseal insufficiency only holds for small tumors.Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 12/2012; 189. DOI:10.1007/s00066-012-0269-y · 2.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Object Patients with atypical meningioma often undergo gross-total resection (GTR) at initial presentation, but the role of adjuvant radiation therapy remains unclear. The increasing prevalence of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the modern neurosurgical era has led to the use of routine postoperative radiation therapy in the absence of evidence-based guidelines. This study sought to define the long-term recurrence rate of atypical meningiomas and identify the value of SRS in affecting outcome. Methods The authors identified 228 patients with microsurgically treated atypical meningiomas who underwent a total of 257 resections at the Barrow Neurological Institute over the last 20 years. Atypical meningiomas were diagnosed according to current WHO criteria. Clinical and radiographic data were collected retrospectively. Results Median clinical and radiographic follow-up was 52 months. Gross-total resection, defined as Simpson Grade I or II resection, was achieved in 149 patients (58%). The median proliferative index was 6.9% (range 0.4%-20.6%). Overall 51 patients (22%) demonstrated tumor recurrence at a median of 20.2 months postoperatively. Seventy-one patients (31%) underwent adjuvant radiation postoperatively, with 32 patients (14%) receiving adjuvant SRS and 39 patients (17%) receiving adjuvant intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). The recurrence rate for patients receiving SRS was 25% (8/32) and for IMRT was 18% (7/39), which was not significantly different from the overall group. Gross-total resection was predictive of progression-free survival (PFS; relative risk 0.255, p < 0.0001), but postoperative SRS was not associated with improved PFS in all patients or in only those with subtotal resections. Conclusions Atypical meningiomas are increasingly irradiated, even after complete or near-complete microsurgical resection. This analysis of the largest patient series to date suggests that close observation remains reasonable in the setting of aggressive microsurgical resection. Although postoperative adjuvant SRS did not significantly affect tumor recurrence rates in this experience, a larger cohort study with longer follow-up may reveal a therapeutic benefit in the future.Journal of Neurosurgery 02/2013; 119(2). DOI:10.3171/2012.12.JNS12414 · 3.15 Impact Factor