Genetic and biochemical characterization of a pathway for the degradation of 2-aminoethylphosphonate in Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021.
ABSTRACT A variety of microorganisms have the ability to use phosphonic acids as sole sources of phosphorus. Here, a novel pathway for degradation of 2-aminoethylphosphonate in the bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021 is proposed based on the analysis of the genome sequence. Gene deletion experiments confirmed the involvement of the locus containing phnW, phnA, and phnY genes in the conversion of 2-aminoethylphosphonate to inorganic phosphate. Biochemical studies of the recombinant PhnY and PhnA proteins verified their roles as phosphonoacetaldehyde dehydrogenase and phosphonoacetate hydrolase, respectively. This pathway is likely not limited to S. meliloti as suggested by the presence of homologous gene clusters in other bacterial genomes.
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ABSTRACT: Factors that affect the probability of genetic transformation of Escherichia coli by plasmids have been evaluated. A set of conditions is described under which about one in every 400 plasmid molecules produces a transformed cell. These conditions include cell growth in medium containing elevated levels of Mg2+, and incubation of the cells at 0 degrees C in a solution of Mn2+, Ca2+, Rb+ or K+, dimethyl sulfoxide, dithiothreitol, and hexamine cobalt (III). Transformation efficiency declines linearly with increasing plasmid size. Relaxed and supercoiled plasmids transform with similar probabilities. Non-transforming DNAs compete consistent with mass. No significant variation is observed between competing DNAs of different source, complexity, length or form. Competition with both transforming and non-transforming plasmids indicates that each cell is capable of taking up many DNA molecules, and that the establishment of a transformation event is neither helped nor hindered significantly by the presence of multiple plasmids.Journal of Molecular Biology 07/1983; 166(4):557-80. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel, inducible, carbon-phosphorus bond-cleavage enzyme, phosphonoacetate hydrolase, was purified from cells of Pseudomonas fluorescens 23F grown on phosphonoacetate. The native enzyme had a molecular mass of approximately 80 kDa and, upon SDS/PAGE, yielded a homogenous protein band with an apparent molecular mass of about 38 kDa. Activity of purified phosphonoacetate hydrolase was Zn2+ dependent and showed pH and temperature optima of approximately 7.8 and 37 degrees C, respectively. The purified enzyme had an apparent Km of 1.25 mM for its sole substrate phosphonoacetate, and was inhibited by the structural analogues 3-phosphonopropionate and phosphonoformate. The NH2-terminal sequence of the first 19 amino acids displayed no significant similarity to other databank sequences.European Journal of Biochemistry 12/1995; 234(1):225-30. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel, metal-dependent, carbon-phosphorus bond cleavage activity, provisionally named phosphonoacetate hydrolase, was detected in crude extracts of Pseudomonas fluorescens 23F, an environmental isolate able to utilize phosphonoacetate as the sole carbon and phosphorus source. The activity showed unique specificity toward this substrate; its organic product, acetate, was apparently metabolized by the glyoxylate cycle enzymes of the host cell. Unlike phosphonatase, which was also detected in crude extracts of P. fluorescens 23F, phosphonoacetate hydrolase was inducible only in the presence of its sole substrate and did not require phosphate starvation.Journal of Bacteriology 02/1994; 176(2):320-4. · 3.19 Impact Factor