Spontaneous growth and phase transformation of highly conductive nickel germanide nanowires.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798.
ACS Nano (Impact Factor: 12.03). 05/2011; 5(6):5006-14. DOI: 10.1021/nn201108u
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report the synthesis, phase transformation, and electrical property measurement of single-crystal NiGe and ε-Ni(5)Ge(3) nanowires (NWs). NiGe NWs were spontaneously synthesized by chemical vapor deposition of GeH(4) onto a porous Ni substrate without the use of intentional catalysts. The as-grown NWs of the orthorhombic NiGe phase were transformed to the hexagonal ε-Ni(5)Ge(3) phase by thermal annealing induced Ni enrichment. This controllable conversion of germanide phases is desirable for phase-dependent property study and applications, and the observation of novel metastable ε-Ni(5)Ge(3) phase suggests the importance of kinetic factors in such nanophase transformations. Electrical studies reveal that NiGe NWs are highly conductive, with an average resistivity of 35 ± 15 μΩ·cm, while the resistivity of ε-Ni(5)Ge(3) NWs is more than 4 times that of the NiGe phase. NWs of nickel germanides, particularly NiGe, would be useful building blocks for germanium-based nanoelectronic devices.

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    ABSTRACT: This review covers recent developments in our group regarding the synthesis, characterization and applications of single-crystalline one-dimensional nanostructures based on a wide range of material systems including noble metals, metal silicides and metal germanides. For the single-crystalline one-dimensional nanostructures growth, we have employed chemical vapor transport approach without using any catalysts, capping reagents, and templates because of its simplicity and wide applicability. Au, Pd, and Pt nanowires are epitaxially grown on various substrates, in which the nanowires grow from seed crystals by the correlations of the geometry and orientation of seed crystals with those of as-grown nanowires. We also present the synthesis of numerous metal silicide and germanide 1D nanostructures. By simply varying reaction conditions, furthermore, nanowires of metastable phase, such as and , and composition tuned cobalt silicides (CoSi, , ) and iron germanides ( and ) nanowires are synthesized. Such developments can be utilized as advanced platforms or building blocks for a wide range of applications such as plasmonics, sensings, nanoelectronics, and spintronics.
    Bulletin- Korean Chemical Society 01/2012; 33(9). · 0.84 Impact Factor