Laparoendoscopic single-site liver resection: a preliminary report of 12 cases.
ABSTRACT Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery is an emerging laparoscopic procedure previously used for cholecystectomy and appendectomy. However, few studies have examined LESS liver resection, and its benefits require investigation. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of LESS liver resection.
From December 2009 to October 2010, 12 patients were selected for LESS liver resection with institutional review board approval. The LESS technique was performed using a transumbilical TriPort or three 5-mm trocars with a 5-mm linear or flexible laparoscope. Conventional or articulating laparoscopic instruments were used to mobilize and transect the lesions.
The LESS liver resection procedure was successfully completed for 10 patients (83.3%), with the remaining 2 patients (16.7%) undergoing conversion to conventional multiport laparoscopy. The procedures consisted of left lateral segment resection (n = 4) and partial resection (n = 8) in addition to concomitant cholecystectomy (n = 3). The mean operative time was 80.4 min (range, 35-160 min), and the mean estimated blood loss was 45 ml (range, 20-800 min). No postoperative complications were noted except for biliary leakage (200 ml/day)in one patient. The mean hospital stay was 4.3 days (range, 2-8 days). No patient required postoperative analgesia, and the pain visual analog score 48 h after surgery was 0.53 (range, 0-2). Pathology identified 10 benign and 2 malignant liver tumors with a clear margin.
Our preliminary data show that LESS liver resection is safe and feasible for selected patients, with potential benefits that include a fast recovery, light pain, and cosmetically acceptable scarring. However, this procedure requires advanced instruments and complicated laparoscopic techniques, with a risk of intraoperative bleeding and postoperative bile leakage.
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ABSTRACT: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may represent an improvement over conventional laparoscopic surgery, and has been applied in many surgical procedures. However, for pancreatic surgery, experience is rather limited. The clinical records of 11 cases in which transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (TUSI-LDP) was performed at our institution since June 2009 were retrospectively analyzed, and all the literatures concerning TUSI-LDP were retrospectively reviewed. All the 11 patients were female. The ages ranged from 20 to 73 years, with an average age of 38.0 years. The average body mass index (BMI) was 22.67 (18.6-26.2). Most TUSI-LDPs were successfully performed, with only one conversion to multi-incision surgery. Splenic preservation was performed in six cases. The mean operation time was 163.18 ± 63.18 minutes (range 95-300), and the mean intraoperative blood loss was 159.09 ± 181.02 ml (range 10-500 ml). The surgical wounds healed well, with good cosmetic wound healing, and the patients were discharged from hospital in a mean of 7.45 ± 1.44 days (range 5-10). Only one patient developed pancreatic leakage, which ceased spontaneously with only a drain for 61 days. The parameters were comparable with those found in the English literature. These recent experiences suggest that SILS in pancreatic surgery is feasible for a select group of patients with relatively small lesions and low BMI, and that, with the gradual accumulation of surgeons' experience with SILS and improvement of laparoscopic instruments, it might become a safe option for some patients.World Journal of Surgery 12/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) aims to reduce incision-related complications by using a single surgical access through which multiple instruments are inserted simultaneously. First descriptions of LESS procedures date back to the early 90s, but the approach initially failed to gain popularity because of technical challenges that markedly impair the principles of laparoscopic ergonomics. In recent years LESS has been increasingly applied to hepatobiliary procedures including cholecystectomies and liver resections. However, the uptake of LESS in hepatobiliary is limited. The surgical robotic platform might play a fundamental role in facilitating the uptake of LESS by the surgical community since robotic science made it possible to develop adequate technology to deal with some of the LESS issues such as restoring surgical triangulation. In this paper the current state-of-the-art for robotic LESS applied to the hepatobiliary system and emerging technologies enabling safer LESS procedures have been reviewed and future perspectives commented on the light of our experience.Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 09/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Background: The use of transumbilical approach for sleeve gastrectomy has been recently reported, using different technique variations. Aim: To report the technique and surgical results of a transumbilical approach simplified sleeve gastrectomy, using rigid instruments. Material and Methods: Ninety four women and six men, selected by a multidisciplinary team, underwent transumbilical sleeve gastrectomy. The operative technique involved a transumbilical incision, introduction of a SILS® or GelPoint® multiport, and a 5mm metallic accessory trocar laterally in the left flank. Rigid instruments were used in all patients. The greater curvature was dissected from 4-5 cm above the pylorus to the angle of His. Gastric transection was completed with a stapler, and calibrated with a 36 French tube advanced through the pylorus. Hemostasis of the staple line was carried out with metallic clips. A barium swallow was performed in ten randomly chosen patients, confirming the correct tubular shape of the stomach. Results: Body mass index of operated patients ranged from 30 to 43 kg/m2. Mean operative time was 56.4 ± 16.7 minutes. During the early postoperative period, two patients had a hemoperitoneum, one had an antral leak and one had an intestinal perforation. No conversion to conventional laparoscopy or open technique was required. No patient died. The mean length of hospital stay was 2.3 ± 0.5 days. The cosmetic result was satisfactory for all patients. Conclusions: Transumbilical sleeve gastrectomy is a safe and feasible procedure with the reported technique. The insertion of an accessory 5mm trocar in the left flank simplifies the procedure, allowing the use of rigid instruments.Revista chilena de cirugía. 10/2012; 64(5):434-441.