A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Paclitaxel-Carboplatin Alone or with Endostar for Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai, China.
Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.8). 06/2011; 6(6):1104-9. DOI: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e3182166b6b
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Recombinant human endostatin is a novel inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis that acts specifically on neovascular endothelial cells. Studies have shown that endostar plus vinorelbine-cisplatin chemotherapy could improve objective response rates (ORR) and overall survival (OS) of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This study is to explore the clinical efficacy of endostar plus paclitaxel-carboplatin (TC) in advanced NSCLC patients.
A phase II, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was carried out. Patients were randomly assigned to the treatment (TC + endostar) or the control group (TC + placebo). The efficacy was evaluated at the end of each cycle. Follow-up continued until disease progression or death.
A total of 126 patients were enrolled, of whom 122 were evaluable, with 61 in each group. ORR was 39.3% in the treatment group versus 23.0% in the control group (p = 0.078), and the disease control rate was 90.2% versus 67.2% (p = 0.004), respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.1 versus 6.3 months (p = 0.522) in the treatment and control groups, the 24-week rate of PFS was 78% versus 59% (p = 0.017), and the median OS was 17.6 versus 15.8 months (p = 0.696), respectively. There were no significant differences, either in the incidence of adverse events or serious adverse events, between the two groups.
In previously untreated, advanced NSCLC patients, treatment with TC plus endostar seemed to improve ORR. However, the differences in PFS or OS between the two groups were not statistically significant. Treatment with TC plus endostar exhibited a good safety profile.

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    • "human endostatin with a nine amino acid sequence at the N-terminus (MGGSHHHHH), expressed by E. coli, was approved by the CFDA for good clinical responses (Cui et al., 2013; Han et al., 2011). To explain this difference, we analyzed the structure of P. pastoris-expressed and E. coli-expressed endostatin, and found that almost 93% of P. pastoris-expressed endostatin was truncated and lost its zinc binding capacity. "
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