Novel microdialysis method to assess neuropeptides and large molecules in free-moving mouse.
ABSTRACT Microdialysis is a powerful in vivo technique for the continuous sampling of small molecules within the extracellular fluid space. However, efforts to collect larger molecules have met with little success. To identify biologically active larger molecules in free-moving animals would be of great benefit. For this purpose, we have developed a novel microdialysis method that allows consistent recovery of large molecules from the brain interstitial space in the awake, free-moving mouse. Using a new "vent" probe with a push-pull perfusion system, the present study successfully demonstrated in vivo sampling of pathophysiologically important macromolecules in free-moving mouse brain. This sampling system allowed monitoring of the dynamic changes in their concentrations. Overall, this novel microdialysis system would provide the opportunity to identify the expression patterns of pathophysiologically important proteins in a variety of physiological and pathological processes for a better understanding of various diseases.
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ABSTRACT: Microdialysis (MD) of the trapezius muscle has been an attractive technique to investigating small molecules and metabolites in chronic musculoskeletal pain in human. Large biomolecules such as proteins also cross the dialysis membrane of the catheters. In this study we have applied in vivo MD in combination with two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry to identify proteins in the extracellular fluid of the trapezius muscle. Dialysate from women with chronic trapezius myalgia (TM; n = 37), women with chronic wide spread pain (CWP; n = 18) and healthy controls (CON; n = 22) was collected from the trapezius muscle using a catheter with a cut-off point of 100 kDa. Proteins were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and visualized by silver staining. Detected proteins were identified by nano liquid chromatography in combination with tandem mass spectrometry. Ninety-seven protein spots were identified from the interstitial fluid of the trapezius muscle; 48 proteins in TM and 30 proteins in CWP had concentrations at least two-fold higher or lower than in CON. The identified proteins pertain to several functional classes, e.g., proteins involved in inflammatory responses. Several of the identified proteins are known to be involved in processes of pain such as: creatine kinase, nerve growth factor, carbonic anhydrase, myoglobin, fatty acid binding protein and actin aortic smooth muscle. In this study, by using in vivo microdialysis in combination with proteomics a large number of proteins in muscle interstitium have been identified. Several of the identified proteins were at least two-fold higher or lower in chronic pain patients. The applied techniques open up for the possibility of investigating protein changes associated with nociceptive processes of chronic myalgia.PLoS ONE 12/2012; · 3.73 Impact Factor