Evaluation of depolarization changes during acute myocardial ischemia by analysis of QRS slopes.

Department of Cardiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Journal of electrocardiology (Impact Factor: 1.08). 04/2011; 44(4):416-24. DOI: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2011.03.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study evaluates depolarization changes in acute myocardial ischemia by analysis of QRS slopes.
In 38 patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention, changes in upward slope between Q and R waves and downward slope between R and S waves (DS) were analyzed. In leads V1 to V3, upward slope of the S wave was additionally analyzed. Ischemia was quantified by myocardial scintigraphy. Also, conventional QRS and ST measures were determined.
QRS slope changes correlated significantly with ischemia (for DS: r = 0.71, P < .0001 for extent, and r = 0.73, P < .0001 for severity). Best corresponding correlation for conventional electrocardiogram parameters was the sum of R-wave amplitude change (r = 0.63, P < .0001; r = 0.60, P < .0001) and the sum of ST-segment elevation (r = 0.67, P < .0001; r = 0.73, P < .0001). Prediction of extent and severity of ischemia increased by 12.2% and 7.1% by adding DS to ST.
The downward slope between R and S waves correlates with ischemia and could have potential value in risk stratification in acute ischemia in addition to ST-T analysis.

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