[The seroprevalence rate, vaccination rate and seroconversion rate of hepatitis A in central region of Korea].

Departments of Internal Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 03/2011; 57(3):166-72. DOI: 10.4166/2011.57.3.166
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Acute hepatitis A (HAV) is markedly increasing recently on. Some patients with acute hepatitis A show severe clinical course. The seroprevalence rate of IgG anti-HAV has been changing with the regions and the times. Vaccination and seroconversion rate of HAV are not well known. In this study, we aimed to study the difference of seroprevalence rate of IgG anti-HAV according to various clinical factors and to know the vaccination rate and seroconversion rate below 10 years old in the central region of South Korea including Cheonan city.
Seven hundred seventy two subjects were included in the study from January to September 2009. We analyzed seroprevalence rate of IgG anti-HAV according to sex, age, region, and other viral markers. We interviewed the history of vaccination(1st, 2nd) and analyzed seroconversion rate according to vaccination time below 10 years old.
The total seroprevalence rate of IgG anti-HAV was 65.3%. The seroprevalence rate of IgG anti-HAV rate in 2nd, 3rd, and 4th decade was very low (1.9%, 18.8%, 44.8%). The vaccination rate of children was about 50%. The seroconversion rate after 1st, and 2nd vaccination were 85%, 96%.
Catch-up vaccination for teenagers and young adults is needed. Immunizing children with HAV vaccine as a routine schedule should be considered.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The incidence of symptomatic hepatitis A reportedly increased among 20- to 40-year-old Korean during the late 2000s. Vaccination against hepatitis A was commenced in the late 1990s and was extended to children aged <10 years. In the present study we analyzed the changes in the seroprevalence of IgG anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) over the past 13 years.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 06/2014; 20(2):162-7.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background In recent years, symptomatic hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection has been reported with increasing frequency in Korea. Therefore, HAV vaccination should be considered in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). The study investigated the efficacy and safety of HAV vaccination in KTRs under modern triple immunosuppressive agents.Methods We evaluated the seroprevalence of anti-HAV immunoglobulin-G (IgG) in KTRs who had visited the Seoul National University Hospital from March 2011 to August 2012. Seronegative patients were immunized with 2 doses of HAV vaccine at a 6-month interval. Seroconversion of anti-HAV IgG was determined 1 month after the second vaccine dose, and adverse effects were monitored after each vaccination.ResultsAmong a total 416 KTRs who were screened, 338 (81.2%) patients were seropositive for anti-HAV IgG. However, among patients who were under 40 years of age, only 31.8% were seropositive. Fifty-two seronegative recipients (mean age 34.1 years, 71.2% male) had received 2 doses of vaccine, and only 14 of these patients (26.9%) showed seroconversion. Vaccine responders had lower serum creatinine (1.19 ± 0.24 vs. 1.45 ± 0.49 mg/dL, P = 0.013), higher plasma hemoglobin levels (14.4 ± 1.9 vs. 12.8 ± 1.8 g/dL, P = 0.006), and had lower tacrolimus use than cyclosporine use (57.1% vs. 84.2%, P = 0.040) compared with non-responders. Responders had a tendency of taking lower dose of prednisolone (3.5 ± 1.6 vs. 4.3 ± 1.2 mg/day, P = 0.076), and having fewer infection events (14.3 vs. 40.5%, P = 0.076). Multivariate analysis indicated that higher hemoglobin levels and lower serum creatinine levels were significant prognostic factors for seroconversion. Overall, the vaccine was well tolerated in all patients.ConclusionHAV IgG screening is necessary for KTRs, especially young recipients. HAV vaccination was safe in KTRs; however, poor response to HAV vaccination makes it important to identify seronegative patients as early as possible and vaccinate them before end-stage renal disease occurs.
    Transplant Infectious Disease 04/2014; · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: National vaccine adoption decisions may be better understood by linking multiple data sources. When examining countries' decisions to adopt the hepatitis A vaccine, applying multiple research methods can facilitate assessments of gaps between evidence and policy. We conducted a literature review on hepatitis A and stakeholder interviews about decisions to adopt the vaccine in six countries (Chile, India, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, and Taiwan).
    Vaccine. 05/2014;

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 5, 2014