Interaction between drug loaded polyaspartamide-polylactide-polysorbate based micelles and cell membrane models: a calorimetric study.

Dipartimento di Scienze del Farmaco, Università degli Studi di Catania , Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy.
Molecular Pharmaceutics (Impact Factor: 4.57). 06/2011; 8(3):642-50. DOI: 10.1021/mp100445k
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Amphiphilic biodegradable copolymers, for their ability to self-assemble into micelle-like aggregates, with a suitable loading capacity, are of emerging interest for the delivery of water-insoluble drugs. α,β-Poly[(N-hydroxyethyl)-dl-aspartamide] (PHEA) is suitable to obtain amphiphilic graft copolymers. These copolymers can be obtained starting from PHEA-ethylenediamine (PHEA-EDA) which is functionalized with polysorbate 80 (PS₈₀, like targeting residues to the brain) and polylactide (PLA, like hydrophobic chains) in order to obtain polymeric micelles of PHEA-EDA-PS₈₀-PLA potentially useful to release drugs to the central nervous system. In this paper, the interaction and absorption of PHEA-EDA-PS₈₀-PLA micelles loaded with (R)-flurbiprofen with biomembrane models, represented by multilamellar or unilamellar vesicles made of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, are investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry technique. (R)-Flurbiprofen is the single enantiomer of the racemate flurbiprofen; the capacity of this nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug to reduce risk of Alzheimer's disease has been recently reported. Drug release from the micelles to the lipid vesicles has been investigated in simulated physiological fluid, and it resulted to be affected by the biomembrane model.

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Novel aptamer-functionalized polyethylene glycol-polylactic acid (PEG-PLA) (APP) micelles were developed with the objective to target the transferrin receptor on brain endothelial cells. Flurbiprofen, a potential drug for therapeutic management of Alzheimer's disease (AD), was loaded into the APP micelles using the co-solvent evaporation method. Results indicated that 9.03% (w/w) of flurbiprofen was entrapped in APP with good retention capacity in vitro. Targeting potential of APPs was investigated using the transferring receptor-expressing murine brain endothelial bEND5 cell line. APPs significantly enhanced surface association of micelles to bEND5 cells as quantified by fluorescence spectroscopy. Most importantly, APPs significantly enhanced intracellular flurbiprofen delivery when compared to unmodified micelles. These results suggest that APP micelles may offer an effective strategy to deliver therapeutically effective flurbiprofen concentrations into the brain for AD patients.
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