In vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity of Symplocos cochinchinensis S. Moore leaves containing phenolic compounds
ABSTRACT Methanol extract of Symplocos cochinchinensis S. Moore leaves was evaluated for its in vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity. The total phenolic content of the extract was 230 mg of gallic acid equivalents/g extract. The extract showed very good scavenging activity on 2,2-diphenyl-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (IC50 620.30 ± 0.14 μg/ml), hydroxyl (IC50 730.21 ± 1.05 μg/ml), nitric oxide (IC50 870.31 ± 0.19 μg/ml) radicals, as well as high reducing power. The extract also showed strong suppressive effect on lipid peroxidation. In in vivo study CCl4 induced oxidative stress produced significant increase in SGOT, SGPT and LDH levels along with reduction in liver SOD, CAT, GSH and GPx levels. Pre-treatment of rats with the extract (250 and 500 mg/kg) for 7 days showed significant reduction in the levels of SGOT, SGPT and LDH compared to CCl4 treated rats. SOD, CAT, GSH and GPx levels were increased significantly due to treatment with the extract. The activity of the extract was comparable to the standard drug, silymarin (25 mg/kg). The results suggest that the leaves of S. cochinchinensis are a source of natural antioxidants.
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ABSTRACT: Aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro α-glucosidase inhibition and antioxidant activity of hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of Hedyotis biflora L. (Rubiaceae). In in vitro α-glucosidase inhibition and antioxidant activity, the methanol extract showed potent effect compared to hexane and ethyl acetate extracts. The methanol extract of H. biflora (HBMe) showed 50% α-glucosidase inhibition at the concentration of 480.20±2.37μg/ml. The total phenolic content of HBMe was 206.81±1.11mg of catechol equivalents/g extract. HBMe showed great scavenging activity on 2,2-diphenyl-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (IC(50) 520.21±1.02μg/ml), hydroxyl (IC(50) 510.21±1.51μg/ml), nitric oxide (IC(50) 690.20±2.13μg/ml) and superoxide (IC(50) 510.31±1.45μg/ml) radicals, as well as high reducing power. HBMe also showed a strong suppressive effect on lipid peroxidation. Using the β-carotene method, the scavenging values of HBMe was significantly lower than BHT, and metal chelating ability of HBMe also showed a strong inhibition effect when compared to the reference standard. The active compound ursolic acid from HBMe was identified using various spectroscopical studies. The results obtained in this study clearly indicate that HBMe has a significant potential to use as a natural α-glucosidase inhibition, antioxidant agent.Food Chemistry 06/2013; 138(2-3):1689-95. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.11.051 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to determine whether the leaves of Turnera ulmifolia Linn. var. elegans extract exert significant antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity of its hydroethanolic extract (HEETU) was evaluated by assessing (a) its radical scavenging ability in vitro, and (b) its in vivo effect on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities. The in vitro antioxidant assay (DPPH) clearly supported HEETU free radical scavenging potential. Moreover, glutathione content and antioxidant enzyme activities (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase) were significantly enhanced in CCl(4)-treated rats due to oral HEETU-treatment (500mg/kgb.w.) over 7 and 21days. In addition, an improvement was observed in lipid peroxidation and serum biochemical parameters (aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase), indicating a protective effect against CCl(4)-induced liver injuries, confirmed by histopathological studies. The HEETU effect was comparable to the standard drug Legalon® (50mg/kgb.w.) under the same experimental condition. Quantitative analysis of the HPLC extract revealed the presence of flavonoids, wich mediate the effects of antioxidant and oxidative stress. In conclusion, extract components exhibit antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities in vitro and in vivo.Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 08/2012; 50(12):4340-4347. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2012.08.003 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Symplocos cochinchinesis is used in Indian system of traditional medicine to treat diabetes mellitus. The present study investigates the in vitro antioxidant, antidiabetic and antilipidemic activities of S. cochinchinensis bark methanolic extract (SCBe) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. In in vitro studies SCBe showed very good scavenging activity on 2,2-diphenyl-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (IC(50) 820.34 ± 1.74 μg/ml), hydroxyl (IC(50) 884.19 ± 0.45 μg/ml) and nitric oxide (IC(50) 860.21 ± 1.18 μg/ml) radicals, as well as high reducing power. SCBe (250 and 500 mg/kg) was administered to STZ (40 mg/kg) induced diabetic rats for 28 days. SCBe showed a significant decrease in blood glucose and significant increase in plasma insulin and liver glycogen levels in treated diabetic rats. Further, SCBe showed antilipidemic activity as evidenced by significant decrease in serum TC, TG, LDL-C levels and significant increase in HDL-C level in treated diabetic rats. SCBe also restored the altered plasma enzymes (SGOT, SGPT and ALP), total protein, urea and creatinine levels to near normal. The action of SCBe was comparable to the antidiabetic drug glibenclamide. Results of this experimental study indicated that SCBe possessed antioxidant, antidiabetic and antilipidemic activities.Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 01/2012; 50(5):1547-53. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2012.01.029 · 2.61 Impact Factor