NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), a phase II enzyme, plays an important role in the detoxification or chemoprotection of carcinogens, and induction of this enzyme is a target for the prevention of carcinogenesis. Natural stilbenoids have potential cancer chemopreventive activities, potentially through affecting NQO1 activity. Along this line, several stilbenoids were evaluated to procure more potent compounds for inducing NQO1 activity in cultured murine Hepa 1c1c7 cells. As a result, we found that 3,5-dimethoxy-trans-stilbene (DMS) possesses potent NQO1 induction activity through up-regulation of both protein and mRNA expression of NQO1 as determined by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis, respectively. DMS also increased protein expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), another phase II enzyme. This induction of NQO1 and HO-1 by DMS was closely related to the regulation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). The translocation and activation of Nrf2 by DMS was also involved in the modulation of the upstream signal transduction molecule, protein kinase C δ. These findings suggest that DMS might have a cancer chemopreventive activity by inducing detoxifying enzymes such as NQO1 and HO-1.
"FIG 3 BioFactors NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase that generates semiquinone radicals that otherwise may either damage proteins and DNA or interact with O 2 to produce ROS-dependent oxidative stress . Induction of NQO1 is a target for the prevention of carcinogenesis  or development of emphysema by oxidants in the lung . In addition to Eh1 and NQO1, phase II detoxification enzymes also include GSTs, which catalyze the conjugation of xenobiotics containing electrophilic carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur atoms with reduced glutathione (GSH), either with electrophilic agents as such or produced by phase I biotransformation (Fig. 4), which otherwise may bind to proteins inducing toxicity . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pinosylvin, a naturally occurring trans-stilbenoid mainly found in Pinus species, has exhibited a potential cancer chemopreventive activity. However, the growth inhibitory activity against cancer cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Therefore, the anti-proliferative activity of pinosylvin was investigated in human colorectal HCT 116 cancer cells. Pinosylvin inhibited the proliferation of HCT 116 cells by arresting transition of cell cycle from G1 to S phase along with the downregulation of cyclin D1, cyclin E, cyclin A, cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), CDK4, c-Myc, and retinoblastoma protein (pRb), and the upregulation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and p53. Pinosylvin was also found to attenuate the activation of proteins involved in focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/c-Src/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/ glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) signaling pathway. Subsequently, pinosylvin suppressed the nuclear translocation of β-catenin, one of downstream molecules of PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β signaling, and these events led to the sequential downregulation of β-catenin-mediated transcription of target genes including BMP4, ID2, survivin, cyclin D1, MMP7, and c-Myc. These findings demonstrate that the anti-proliferative activity of pinosylvin might be associated with the cell cycle arrest and downregulation of cell proliferation regulating signaling pathways in human colorectal cancer cells.
Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 01/2013; 55. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2013.01.007 · 2.90 Impact Factor
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