Article

Evaluation of Parenchymal Neuro-Behcet Disease by Using Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging

Department of Radiology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Kocamustafapasa, Turkey.
American Journal of Neuroradiology (Impact Factor: 3.68). 06/2011; 32(6):1050-5. DOI: 10.3174/ajnr.A2477
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neurologic involvement in Behçet disease, also known as NBD, is one of the most devastating manifestations of the disease. The precise pathologic mechanism of parenchymal NBD lesions has not been established. We evaluated lesion characteristics and probable venous hemorrhage in parenchymal NBD by using SWI, and we compared the imaging results with conventional MR imaging sequences.
We performed cranial MR imaging by using a 1.5T scanner in 23 patients with a definitive diagnosis of parenchymal NBD. We compared the proportion of lesion detection and the performance of hemorrhagic detection with the T2 FSE, T2*GE, and SWI magnitude, and SWI mIP by using the χ(2) test.
The proportion of lesion detection with both SWI magnitude and SWI MinMIP was significantly larger than that with T2*GE. The proportions of lesion detection among all other pairs of methods were not significantly different according to the corresponding P value (χ(2) = 17.4929, df = 3, P = .0006). Proportions of hypointense hemorrhagic lesions with T2 FSE and T2*GE were not significantly different, and likewise for the proportions of hypointense hemorrhagic lesions with SWI magnitude and SWI mIP. In contrast, the proportions of hypointense hemorrhagic lesions with SWI magnitude and SWI mIP were significantly larger than that with T2 FSE and T2*GE (χ(2) = 108.5396, df = 3, P < .0001).
Most of the lesions in parenchymal NBD were found to be hemorrhagic with SWI, supporting the proposed venous theory in pathology. In addition, compared with T2 FSE and T2*GE sequences, SWI was more successful in the determination of widespread involvement of the disease, particularly in nonchronic cases.

1 Follower
 · 
109 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of focal white matter hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging in any age group is always challenging because the cause of these hyperintensities varies extensively. Understanding the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and associated imaging findings can allow the radiologist to limit the differential diagnosis. A specific imaging approach including age, pattern of distribution, signal characteristics on various sequences, enhancement pattern, and other ancillary findings helps to identify a correct cause for these hyperintensities. This article provides a pattern approach to differentiate various common and a few uncommon diseases presenting as focal white matter hyperintensities.
    Radiologic Clinics of North America 03/2014; 52(2):241-261. DOI:10.1016/j.rcl.2013.11.010 · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Misregulation of innate immunity leads to autoinflammation. Behçet disease is an autoinflammatory condition involving recurrent attacks of inflammation in skin, eyes, joints, and even the nervous system. The etiology may involve vascular inflammation. Central nervous system involvement in neuro-Behçet disease (NBD) comes in the form of parenchymal NBD or nonparenchymal NBD. The parenchymal form has a predilection for the brainstem, diencephalon and cerebral hemispheres, and represents a meningoencephalitis thought to be related to small vessel vasculitis. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, arising from a vasculitic process of large veins, comprises the majority of vascular NBD cases. The rarer monogenetic autoinflammatory syndromes are characterized by periodic fever, and typically present in the pediatric population. Neurologic involvement in these syndromes typically presents in the form of an aseptic meningitis. Treatment of autoinflammatory disorders involves immune modulation with corticosteroids, disease-modifying antirheumatic medications, and increasingly antibodies targeting cytokines like tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 1.
    Seminars in Neurology 09/2014; 34(4):437-43. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1390392 · 1.78 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD) is one of the more serious manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD), which is a relapsing inflammatory multisystem disease with an interesting epidemiology. Though NBD is rela-tively uncommon, being potentially treatable, neurologists need to consider it in the differential diagnosis of inflam-matory, infective, or demyelinating CNS disorders. Evi-dence-based information on key issues of NBD diagnosis and management is scarce, and planning for such studies is challenging. We therefore initiated this project to develop expert consensus recommendations that might be helpful to neurologists and other clinicians, created through an extensive literature review and wide consultations with an international advisory panel, followed by a Delphi exer-cise. We agreed on consensus criteria for the diagnosis of NBD with two levels of certainty in addition to recom-mendations on when to consider NBD in a neurological patient, and on the use of various paraclinical tests. The management recommendations included treatment of the parenchymal NBD and cerebral venous thrombosis, the use of disease modifying therapies, prognostic factors, outcome measures, and headache in BD. Future studies are needed to validate the proposed criteria and provide evidence-based treatments.