Biosynthetic origin of 2-geranyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and its related anthraquinone in a Sesamum indicum hairy root culture.
ABSTRACT In order to clarify the biosynthetic origin of 2-geranyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and its biogenetically related anthraquinone, which are possible intermediates of anthrasesamones, [1-(13)C]glucose was administered to a hairy root culture of Sesamum indicum. The labeling patterns of these quinone derivatives indicated that the naphthoquinone ring and geranyl side-chain of geranylnaphthoquinone were respectively biosynthesized through the shikimate and methylerythritol phosphate pathways, and that these quinone derivatives have the same biosynthetic origin.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The content of anthrasesamone C (5), a rare chlorine-containing anthraquinone, in a hairy root culture of Sesamum indicum increased with increasing chloride ion concentration in the culture medium and reached a maximum at 100 mM. However, the amount of anthrasesamone C (5) in the extract obtained from the hairy roots was increased by incubating the extract. This result suggests that anthrasesamone C (5) was produced from an unidentified metabolite by an abiotic process. 2,3-Epoxyanthrasesamone B (1), a precursor for the non-enzymatic formation of anthrasesamone C (5), was isolated from S. indicum hairy roots cultured in a chloride-deficient medium. Its structure was elucidated to be 2,3-epoxy-9,10-dihydroxy-2-(4-methylpent-3-en-1-yl)-2,3-dihydroanthracene-1,4-dione by spectroscopic methods.Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 02/2012; 76(2):305-8. · 1.27 Impact Factor