Management of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma: follow-up of 6 patients.
ABSTRACT Retrospective study.
To analyze our experience in the treatment of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma, review the relevant literature, and propose a management algorithm.
Hemangioma is one of the commonest benign neoplasms affecting the vertebral column. These usually dormant lesions may become symptomatic by causing pain, neurologic deficit, or both. Several treatment modalities are available in the management of such symptomatic conversion.
The clinical and radiographic data of 6 patients diagnosed with symptomatic vertebral hemangioma and treated at our medical center over a period of 10 years were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively.
Six patients were diagnosed with symptomatic vertebral hemangioma between 1998 and 2008. The lesions occupied the thoracic, lumbar, or multiple segments. Our patients presented with either simple or radicular back pain. One patient had muscle weakness, 3 revealed sensory impairment, and the remaining 2 were neurologically intact. Four patients underwent preoperative transarterial embolization followed by laminectomy and vertebroplasty of the affected level and 2 patients were treated with vertebroplasty alone. A 35-year-old woman presented during pregnancy. Her clinical course during evaluation was complicated by an acute pulmonary embolic event that necessitated installation of an inferior vena cava filter. All patients had an overall uneventful postoperative course and reported symptomatic relief to varying degrees, at an average follow-up period of 35 months.
Symptomatic hemangioma involving the vertebral column may pose a therapeutic challenge, often requiring the active involvement of several disciplines. A review of the relevant literature, however, discloses only few management algorithms for such lesions. The coupling of preoperative transarterial embolization followed by vertebroplasty, with or without surgical decompression depending on the patients' presenting symptoms, is a relatively safe treatment and may offer long-term symptomatic relief in these patients. Other aspects of treatment are further discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Haemangiomas are very frequent benign spinal tumours. However, pure epidural location is extremely rare. At present, only 52 cases have been reported in the literature during the last 10 years. We proposed to analyse clinical and radiological features of this rare entity treated in a tertiary care centre over the last 10 years. A study of a retrospective surgical series (2002-2012) was conducted. The clinic's electronic database was searched for "spinal" and/or "vertebral haemangiomas", which were treated by surgery and/or vertebroplasty. Clinical, radiological and histopathological data were analysed. In total, the series comprised 30 spinal haemangiomas. There were 6 epidural (20 %), 17 vertebral (57 %) and 7 intradural lesions (23 %). There were four men and two women, mean age 28.3 years, with epidural lesions. One patient presented with localised back pain only, two with radiculopathy and focal neurological deficit, two with radiculopathy only and one with isolated focal neurological deficit, respectively. The onset of symptoms was progressive in four cases over weeks to months and sudden in two cases. Preoperative MRI imaging revealed features of meningioma, neurinoma or metastasis. Epidural haemangiomas are extremely rare spinal lesions. They may mimic more common spinal tumours clinically and radiologically. The usual treatment is gross total resection confirming the diagnosis histologically.European Spine Journal 10/2013; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The classification of vascular bone tumors remains challenging, with considerable morphological overlap spanning across benign to malignant categories. The vast majority of both benign and malignant vascular tumors are readily diagnosed based on their characteristic histological features, such as the formation of vascular spaces and the expression of endothelial markers. However, some vascular tumors have atypical histological features, such as a solid growth pattern, epithelioid change, or spindle cell morphology, which complicates their diagnosis. Pathologically, these tumors are remarkably similar, which makes differentiating them from each other very difficult. For this rare subset of vascular bone tumors, there remains considerable controversy with regard to the terminology and the classification that should be used. Moreover, one of the most confusing issues related to vascular bone tumors is the myriad of names that are used to describe them. Because the clinical behavior and, consequently, treatment and prognosis of vascular bone tumors can vary significantly, it is important to effectively and accurately distinguish them from each other. Upon review of the nomenclature and the characteristic clinicopathological, radiographic and genetic features of vascular bone tumors, we propose a classification scheme that includes hemangioma, hemangioendothelioma, angiosarcoma, and their epithelioid variants.Skeletal Radiology 09/2012; 41(12):1495-507. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the treatment methods and the clinical therapeutic effects of symptomatic cervical vertebral hemangioma associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. A retrospective analysis was performed in 18 patients (10 males and 8 females, aged 30-62 years with an average age of 45.3 years) with cervical vertebral hemangioma associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy between January 2006 and September 2008. The disease duration was 10-26 months (mean, 15.6 months). All patients had single vertebral hemangioma, including 2 cases at C3, 3 cases at C4, 5 cases at C5, 5 cases at C6, and 3 cases at C7. The X-ray films showed a typical "palisade" change. According to the clinical and imaging features, there were 13 cases of type II and 5 cases of type IV of cervical hemangioma. The standard anterior cervical decompression and fusion with internal fixation were performed and then percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) was used. The cervical X-ray films were taken to observe bone cement distribution and the internal fixation after operation. The recovery of neurological function and the neck pain relief were measured by Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) score. All operations were successful with no spinal cord and nerves injury, and the incisions healed well. Anterior bone cement leakage occurred in 2 cases without any symptoms. All cases were followed up 24-28 months (mean, 26 months) and the symptoms were improved at different degrees without fracture and collapse of vertebra or recurrence of hemangioma. During the follow-up, there was no implant loosening, breakage and displacement, and the mean fusion time was 4 months (range, 3-4.5 months). The JOA score and VAS score had a significant recovery at 3 months and at last follow-up when compared with preoperative values (P < 0.05). Based on JOA score at last follow-up, the results were excellent in 9 cases, good in 6 cases, fair in 2 cases, and poor in 1 case. The anterior cervical decompression and fusion with internal fixation combined with PVP treatment is one of the ideal ways to treat symptomatic cervical vertebral hemangioma associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, which could completely decompress the spinal cord and effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms caused by vertebral hemangioma.Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 01/2011; 25(1):74-8.