Management of Symptomatic Vertebral Hemangioma Follow-up of 6 Patients
ABSTRACT Retrospective study.
To analyze our experience in the treatment of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma, review the relevant literature, and propose a management algorithm.
Hemangioma is one of the commonest benign neoplasms affecting the vertebral column. These usually dormant lesions may become symptomatic by causing pain, neurologic deficit, or both. Several treatment modalities are available in the management of such symptomatic conversion.
The clinical and radiographic data of 6 patients diagnosed with symptomatic vertebral hemangioma and treated at our medical center over a period of 10 years were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively.
Six patients were diagnosed with symptomatic vertebral hemangioma between 1998 and 2008. The lesions occupied the thoracic, lumbar, or multiple segments. Our patients presented with either simple or radicular back pain. One patient had muscle weakness, 3 revealed sensory impairment, and the remaining 2 were neurologically intact. Four patients underwent preoperative transarterial embolization followed by laminectomy and vertebroplasty of the affected level and 2 patients were treated with vertebroplasty alone. A 35-year-old woman presented during pregnancy. Her clinical course during evaluation was complicated by an acute pulmonary embolic event that necessitated installation of an inferior vena cava filter. All patients had an overall uneventful postoperative course and reported symptomatic relief to varying degrees, at an average follow-up period of 35 months.
Symptomatic hemangioma involving the vertebral column may pose a therapeutic challenge, often requiring the active involvement of several disciplines. A review of the relevant literature, however, discloses only few management algorithms for such lesions. The coupling of preoperative transarterial embolization followed by vertebroplasty, with or without surgical decompression depending on the patients' presenting symptoms, is a relatively safe treatment and may offer long-term symptomatic relief in these patients. Other aspects of treatment are further discussed.
SourceAvailable from: Masaya Nakamura[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Vertebral hemangiomas are common; however, aggressive vertebral hemangiomas with extraosseous extensions causing neurological deficits are rare. The treatment for this subtype of hemangioma remains controversial, since there are few reports on long-term clinical outcomes or tumor recurrence rates. We describe a case of aggressive vertebral hemangioma treated by total en bloc spondylectomy, with a literature review focusing on long-term recurrence. A 52-year-old male with a two-month history of numbness in the bilateral lower extremities was referred to our hospital. Imaging studies showed a tumor originating in the T9 vertebra and extending to the T8 and T10 vertebrae, with extraosseous extension causing spinal-cord compression. Ten months after onset, the patient presented with progressive paraparesis and hypalgesia. Total en bloc spondylectomy was performed, and pathology was consistent with cavernous hemangioma. Motor and sensory deficits improved significantly, and no signs of recurrence are seen at 2.5 years after operation. A review of literature revealed a recurrence rate of 12.7% (10/79 cases). The available evidence indicates satisfactory long-term outcomes for total tumor resection without adjuvant radiotherapy.01/2015; 2015:724364. DOI:10.1155/2015/724364
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ABSTRACT: Spinal intramedullary arteriovenous malformations are uncommon and a challenging type of neurosurgical entities. They are rarely located to cervical segment. On the other hand, although hemangiomas are relatively common bone tumors, cervical involvement is again rare and clinically significant ones are infrequent.European Spine Journal 10/2014; 24(1). DOI:10.1007/s00586-014-3620-4 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Haemangiomas are very frequent benign spinal tumours. However, pure epidural location is extremely rare. At present, only 52 cases have been reported in the literature during the last 10 years. We proposed to analyse clinical and radiological features of this rare entity treated in a tertiary care centre over the last 10 years. A study of a retrospective surgical series (2002-2012) was conducted. The clinic's electronic database was searched for "spinal" and/or "vertebral haemangiomas", which were treated by surgery and/or vertebroplasty. Clinical, radiological and histopathological data were analysed. In total, the series comprised 30 spinal haemangiomas. There were 6 epidural (20 %), 17 vertebral (57 %) and 7 intradural lesions (23 %). There were four men and two women, mean age 28.3 years, with epidural lesions. One patient presented with localised back pain only, two with radiculopathy and focal neurological deficit, two with radiculopathy only and one with isolated focal neurological deficit, respectively. The onset of symptoms was progressive in four cases over weeks to months and sudden in two cases. Preoperative MRI imaging revealed features of meningioma, neurinoma or metastasis. Epidural haemangiomas are extremely rare spinal lesions. They may mimic more common spinal tumours clinically and radiologically. The usual treatment is gross total resection confirming the diagnosis histologically.European Spine Journal 10/2013; 23(2). DOI:10.1007/s00586-013-3045-5 · 2.47 Impact Factor