Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes Complicating Twin Pregnancy: Management Considerations

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center New York, New York, USA.
Clinical obstetrics and gynecology (Impact Factor: 1.77). 06/2011; 54(2):321-9. DOI: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e318217d60d
Source: PubMed


Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is more prevalent in twin gestations and is major contributor to preterm birth. The management of PPROM in twin pregnancies does not differ significantly from that of singletons. In general, antenatal steroids, latency antibiotics, magnesium sulpfate for neuroprotection, and tocolysis are all potential interventions to consider when PPROM complicates a twin gestation. Certain circumstances, such as PPROM following an invasive procedure, at a previable gestational age, or in a monochorionic gestation, warrant special attention as the implications of PPROM and subsequent recommendations for these twin pregnancies may differ. In general, the approach to PPROM in twins should be individualized based on gestational age, and the maternal and neonatal risks of delaying delivery to prolong the pregnancy.

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    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to compare the latency periods after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and determine its subsequent impact on maternal and fetal outcomes for singleton and twin gestations > 24 weeks' and ≤ 34 weeks' gestation. Delivery in the first 72 h after the rupture of membranes was observed to be more frequent in the twin group (RR 1.98, 95% CI 1.06-3.73, p = 0.03); whereas the overall median latency periods were comparable (p = 0.06). Singleton pregnancies had shorter latency periods after 28 gestational weeks by comparison to the latency periods before 28 weeks. Gestational age of rupture of membranes and delivery and latency periods were comparable between spontaneous twin pregnancies and twin pregnancies after assisted reproductive technologies (ART). As a conclusion, singleton and twin pregnancies had similar outcomes after PPROM. The first 72 h is especially important for the outcome of twin pregnancies at when the delivery risk is high.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 06/2014; 34(7):1-5. DOI:10.3109/01443615.2014.920781 · 0.55 Impact Factor

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