Lasers are a good therapeutic tool for congenital and acquired vascular lesions. Technological advances in lasers have reduced the adverse effects and increased the efficacy. MACHINES: Among the various lasers used for treating vascular lesions, pulsed dye laser (PDL) has the best efficacy and safety data. The other machines that are widely available are Nd:YAG laser and intense pulse light (IPL). RATIONALE AND SCOPE OF GUIDELINE: Much variation exists in different machines and techniques, and therefore, establishing standard guidelines has limitations. The guidelines recommended here indicate minimum standards of care for lasers on vascular lesions based on current evidence. PHYSICIAN QUALIFICATION: Laser may be administered by a dermatologist, who has received adequate background training in lasers during post-graduation or later at a center that provides education and training in lasers, or in focused workshops, which provide such trainings. He/she should have adequate knowledge of the lesions being treated, machines, parameters, cooling systems, and aftercare. FACILITY: The procedure may be performed in the physician's minor procedure room with adequate laser safety measures.
PWS, hemangioma, facial telangiectasia, rosacea, spider angioma, pyogenic granuloma, venous lakes, leg veins.
Absolute: Active local infection, photo-aggravated skin diseases, and medical conditions. Relative: Unstable vitiligo, psoriasis, keloid and keloidal tendencies, patient on isotretinoin, patient who is not cooperative or has unrealistic expectation.
Patient selection should be done after detailed counseling with respect to the course of lesions, different treatment options, possible results, cost, need for multiple treatments, and possible postoperative complications. TREATMENT SESSIONS: The number of treatments per lesion varies from 2 to 12 or more at 6-8 week intervals. All lesions may not clear completely even after multiple sessions in many cases. Hence, a realistic expectation and proper counseling is very important. LASER PARAMETERS: Laser parameters vary with area, type of lesion, skin color, depth of the lesion, and machine used. A test spot may be performed to determine individual specifications.
Pain, edema, purpura, bleeding, scarring, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation/hypopigmentation, and atrophy changes.
"The disorder is self-limiting and treatment is not necessary unless complicated with other associated anomalies, such as glaucoma, multicystic kidney disease, asymmetry of limbs, and cardiac malformations. Different approaches of treatment for CMTC include cold avoidance, vasodilators, aspirin, pentoxifylline, PUVA, and IPL . In some cases consultations with orthopedics, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, and vascular cosmetic surgery may be necessary. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) is a very rarely occurring congenital disorder with persistent cutis marmorata, telangiectasia, and phlebectasia. This disorder may be associated with cutaneous atrophy and ulceration of the involved skin. We herewith report a 20-year-old female patient with CMTC since childhood along with ulcerations on both breasts. CMTC is a benign vascular anomaly presenting with dilatation of capillaries and veins of dermis and is apparent at birth. The patient had reticulated bluish-purple skin changes over both breasts. Although it resembled physiological cutis marmorata, it was more pronounced and definitely was unvarying and permanent in pattern. A variety of vascular malformations have been described along with this disorder. Etiology is not very clear; it may be multifactorial in origin. Prognosis in uncomplicated cases is good.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In 1983, selective photothermolysis dramatically transformed vascular surgery, reducing the adverse effects and increasing its efficacy. As a result, laser surgery is now considered the gold standard treatment for many congenital and acquired skin vascular disorders. In this paper, the authors analyze the main laser sources for vascular surgery, the general parameters regarding laser-tissue interactions that can influence the treatment (such as hemodynamic features, anatomical areas, vessel depth, and diameters), and other aspects important for a good laser practice. Afterward, the main indications for laser treatment in vascular cutaneous disorders are discussed, with particular reference to port-wine stain, hemangioma, facial telangiectasia, rosacea, spider angioma, venous lake, varicose leg veins, and leg telangiectasias.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Indian skin with its broad range of skin color and complexion differs in the presentation and management of cutaneous vascular lesions. Common congenital and acquired vascular lesions are discussed with respect to the epidemiology, clinical presentation, and management strategies in an Indian setting. An effort has been made to review indian case reports and studies of cutaneous vascular lesions, potential possible modification in the conventional treatment considering resource constraints, cultural practices, availability and cost-effectiveness of the laser and light sources, camouflage techniques, and sclerotherapy. The review concludes with emphasis on the need of availability of cost-effective, quality equipment customized to Indian skin and quality studies and trials for the management of cutaneous vascular lesions in an Indian setting.
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