HIV-Testing Practices and a History of Substance Use among Women Living in Public Housing in Puerto Rico.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between HIV testing practices and history of substance use among a large sample of women living in public housing in Puerto Rico and the relationships among HIV testing and history of substance abuse. A total of 1138 women were surveyed between April and August 2006 using a self-administered survey instrument. A total of 82% of the women in the sample group reported a history of HIV testing. Logistic regression analysis revealed that those with a history of alcohol use, marijuana use, and other illicit drug use were more likely to report a history of HIV testing (P < .05). These findings suggest the possibility that women who engage in riskier behaviors may be aware of these risks and therefore make more of an effort to determine their status. Future studies should, however, further examine the risks among women from subpopulations who may be at high risk for HIV.
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ABSTRACT: Drugs of abuse are increasingly consumed worldwide. Such consumption could be back-calculated based on wastewater content. The West Indies, with its coca production and its thriving illicit drug market, is both a hub of world cocaine trafficking and a place where its consumption is prevalent particularly in the form of crack. The present study will firstly investigate Caribbean consumption by a daily 5 to 7day sampling campaign of composite wastewater samples from the four wastewater treatment plants of the Martinique capital, including working and non-working periods. The local consumption of cocaine is ten to thirty times higher than OECD standards because of the prevalence of crack. The excretion coefficient for crack consumption and the impact of temperature on drug stability need further investigation. However, the low diversity of illicit drugs consumed and the crack prevalence suggest practices driven by the transiting of drugs for international trafficking.Science of The Total Environment 06/2014; 490C:970-978. · 3.16 Impact Factor