Controlled growth and differentiation of MSCs on grooved films assembled from monodisperse biological nanofibers with genetically tunable surface chemistries.
ABSTRACT The search for a cell-supporting scaffold with controlled topography and surface chemistry is a constant topic within tissue engineering. Here we have employed M13 phages, which are genetically modifiable biological nanofibers (∼ 880 nm long and ∼ 6.6 nm wide) non-toxic to human beings, to form films for supporting the growth of mesencymal stem cells (MSCs). Films were built from nearly parallel phage bundles separated by grooves. The bundles can guide the elongation and alignment of MSCs along themselves. Phage with peptides displayed on the surface exhibited different control over the fine morphologies and differentiation of the MSCs. When an osteogenic peptide was displayed on the surface of phage, the proliferation and differentiation of MSCs into osteoblasts were significantly accelerated. The use of the grooved phage films allows us to control the proliferation and differentiation of MSCs by simply controlling the concentrations of phages as well as the peptides displayed on the surface of the phages. This work will advance our understanding on the interaction between stem cells and proteins.
Article: Bioactive nanofibers: synergistic effects of nanotopography and chemical signaling on cell guidance.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Biodegradable nanofibers have tremendous potential for tissue repair. However, the combined effects of nanofiber organization and immobilized bioactive factors on cell guidance are not well understood. In this study, we developed aligned and bioactive nanofibrous scaffolds by immobilizing extracellular matrix protein and growth factor onto nanofibers, which simulated the physical and biochemical properties of native matrix fibrils. The aligned nanofibers significantly induced neurite outgrowth and enhanced skin cell migration during wound healing compared to randomly oriented nanofibers. Furthermore, the immobilized biochemical factors (as efficient as soluble factors) synergized with aligned nanofibers to promote highly efficient neurite outgrowth but had less effect on skin cell migration. This study shed light on the relative importance of nanotopography and chemical signaling in the guidance of different cell behavior.Nano Letters 08/2007; 7(7):2122-8. · 13.20 Impact Factor
Article: Isolated allogeneic bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells engraft and stimulate growth in children with osteogenesis imperfecta: Implications for cell therapy of bone.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Treatment with isolated allogeneic mesenchymal cells has the potential to enhance the therapeutic effects of conventional bone marrow transplantation in patients with genetic disorders affecting mesenchymal tissues, including bone, cartilage, and muscle. To demonstrate the feasibility of mesenchymal cell therapy and to gain insight into the transplant biology of these cells, we used gene-marked, donor marrow-derived mesenchymal cells to treat six children who had undergone standard bone marrow transplantation for severe osteogenesis imperfecta. Each child received two infusions of the allogeneic cells. Five of six patients showed engraftment in one or more sites, including bone, skin, and marrow stroma, and had an acceleration of growth velocity during the first 6 mo postinfusion. This improvement ranged from 60% to 94% (median, 70%) of the predicted median values for age- and sex-matched unaffected children, compared with 0% to 40% (median, 20%) over the 6 mo immediately preceding the infusions. There was no clinically significant toxicity except for an urticarial rash in one patient just after the second infusion. Failure to detect engraftment of cells expressing the neomycin phosphotransferase marker gene suggested the potential for immune attack against therapeutic cells expressing a foreign protein. Thus, allogeneic mesenchymal cells offer feasible posttransplantation therapy for osteogenesis imperfecta and likely other disorders originating in mesenchymal precursors.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 07/2002; 99(13):8932-7. · 9.68 Impact Factor
Article: Networks of gold nanoparticles and bacteriophage as biological sensors and cell-targeting agents.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Biological molecular assemblies are excellent models for the development of nanoengineered systems with desirable biomedical properties. Here we report an approach for fabrication of spontaneous, biologically active molecular networks consisting of bacteriophage (phage) directly assembled with gold (Au) nanoparticles (termed Au-phage). We show that when the phage are engineered so that each phage particle displays a peptide, such networks preserve the cell surface receptor binding and internalization attributes of the displayed peptide. The spontaneous organization of these targeted networks can be manipulated further by incorporation of imidazole (Au-phage-imid), which induces changes in fractal structure and near-infrared optical properties. The networks can be used as labels for enhanced fluorescence and dark-field microscopy, surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection, and near-infrared photon-to-heat conversion. Together, the physical and biological features within these targeted networks offer convenient multifunctional integration within a single entity with potential for nanotechnology-based biomedical applications.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2006; 103(5):1215-20. · 9.68 Impact Factor