Article

Periostin identified as a potential biomarker of prostate cancer by iTRAQ-proteomics analysis of prostate biopsy.

Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, FudanUniversity, Shanghai, 200040, China. .
Proteome Science (Impact Factor: 2.42). 01/2011; 9:22. DOI: 10.1186/1477-5956-9-22
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Proteomics may help us better understand the changes of multiple proteins involved in oncogenesis and progression of prostate cancer(PCa) and identify more diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. The aim of this study was to screen biomarkers of PCa by the proteomics analysis using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification(iTRAQ).
The patients undergoing prostate biopsies were classified into 3 groups according to pathological results: benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH, n = 20), PCa(n = 20) and BPH with local prostatic intraepithelial neoplasm(PIN, n = 10). Then, all the specimens from these patients were analyzed by iTRAQ and two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2DLC-MS/MS). The Gene Ontology(GO) function and the transcription regulation networks of the differentially expressed were analyzed by MetaCore software. Western blotting and Immunohistochemical staining were used to analyze the interesting proteins.
A total of 760 proteins were identified from 13787 distinct peptides, including two common proteins that enjoy clinical application: prostate specific antigen (PSA) and prostatic acid phosphatase(PAP). Proteins that expressed differentially between PCa and BPH group were further analyzed. Compared with BPH, 20 proteins were significantly differentially up-regulated (>1.5-fold) while 26 were significantly down-regulated in PCa(<0.66-fold). In term of GO database, the differentially expressed proteins were divided into 3 categories: cellular component(CC), molecular function (MF) and biological process(BP). The top 5 transcription regulation networks of the differentially expressed proteins were initiated through activation of SP1, p53, YY1, androgen receptor(AR) and c-Myc The overexpression of periostin in PCa was verified by western blotting and immunohistochemical staining.
Our study indicates that the iTRAQ technology is a new strategy for global proteomics analysis of the tissues of PCa. A significant up-regulation of periostin in PCa compared to BPH may provide clues for not only a promising biomarker for the prognosis of PCa but also a potential target for therapeutical intervention.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
104 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PurposeProstate Cancer (PCa) represents the second most frequent type of tumor in men worldwide. Incidence increases with patient age and represents the most important risk factor. PCa is mostly characterized by indolence, however in a small percentage of cases (3%) the disease progresses to a metastatic state. To date, the most important issue concerning PCa research is the difficulty in distinguishing indolent from aggressive disease. This problem frequently results in low-grade PCa patient overtreatment and, in parallel; an effective treatment for distant and aggressive disease is not yet available.ResultProteomics represents a promising approach for the discovery of new biomarkers able to improve the management of PCa patients. Markers more specific and sensitive than PSA are needed for PCa diagnosis, prognosis and response to treatment. Moreover, proteomics could represent an important tool to identify new molecular targets for PCa tailored therapy. Several possible PCa biomarkers sources, each with advantages and limitations, are under investigation, including tissues, urine, serum, plasma and prostatic fluids. Innovative high-throughput proteomic platforms are now identifying and quantifying new specific and sensitive biomarkers for PCa detection, stratification and treatment. Nevertheless, many putative biomarkers are still far from being applied in clinical practice.Conclusions This review aims to discuss the recent advances in PCa proteomics, emphasizing biomarker discovery and their application to clinical utility for diagnosis and patient stratification.
    Clinical biochemistry 04/2013; 46(6):524–538. · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many of the cellular abnormalities present in solid tumours are structural in nature and involve the proteins of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Periostin is a protein produced and secreted by the fibroblasts as a component of the ECM where it is involved in regulating intercellular adhesion. The expression of periostin has an important physiological role during embryogenesis and growth, namely at the level of bone, dental and cardiac tissues. Many studies indicate that periostin plays an important role for tumor progression in various types of cancer, such as colon, lung, head and neck, breast, ovarian and prostate. To the best of our knowledge, a limited number of studies have investigated periostin expression in urogenital cancer, such us prostate, bladder, penile and renal cancer, while no studies were performed in testis cancer. In this review article, we summarize the most recent knowledge of periostin, its genetic and protein structure, as well as the role of the different isoforms identified and sequenced so far. In particular, we focus our attention on the role of this protein in genitourinary tumors, trying to emphasize the role not only as a possible prognostic marker, but also as a possible target for the development of future anti-cancer therapies.
    Clinical Genitourinary Cancer 01/2014; · 1.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In our preliminary study, 1, 8-dihydroxy-3-acetyl-6-methyl-9, 10 anthraquinone (GXHSWAQ-1), synthesised according to the basic structure of emodin, exhibited a 1.58-fold radiosensitisation on nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE-1 cells. This study demonstrated that its radiosensitisation activity was achieved by altering the mitochondrial structure: swollen volume, fragmented crista, and decreasing transmembrane potential (P<0.01). Using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) technology, 1396 proteins were identified, and the differentially expressed proteins were involved in metabolism, cell proliferation, angiogenesis, DNA repair process according to the biological process clustering results. Bioinformatic analysis showed that CDH1, RAC1, CDC42 proteins might be mostly mitochondrial targets in the radiosensitisation process. Western blotting analyses verified the differential expression of these proteins.
    European journal of pharmacology. 05/2014;

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
0 Downloads
Available from