Resolvin D1 protects mice from LPS-induced acute lung injury.
ABSTRACT Resolvin D1 (RvD1), an endogenous lipid molecule derived from docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been described to promote inflammatory resolution. The present study aimed to determine the protective effects and the underlying mechanisms of RvD1 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Pretreatment RvD1 to mice 30 min before inducing ALI by LPS decreased the mortality and improved lung pathological changes, inhibited LPS-induced increases in polymorphonulear and mononuclear leukocytes recruitment, total proteins content, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) production in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALFs). In addition, RvD1 markedly reduced LPS-induced the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and adhesion molecules, as well as myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Moreover, RvD1 markedly inhibited LPS-induced the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Furthermore, pretreatment with Boc, a lipoxin A4 receptor (ALX) antagonist, significantly reversed these beneficial effects of RvD1 on LPS-induced acute lung injury in mice. Taken together, our study showed that RvD1 improved survival rate and attenuated ALI in mice induced by LPS, and the protective mechanisms might be related to selective reaction with ALX, which inhibits MAPKs and NF-κB pathway.
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ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of Resolvin-D1 (RV-D1) and its mechanism of action in human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells. HCE cells were incubated with different concentrations of RV-D1 for different time periods. Oleic acid (OA) and Dexamethasone (DM) served as negative and positive controls, respectively. Cells were stimulated with polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic acids (poly I:C). The protein contents and mRNA expression levels of Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1beta and IL-8 were evaluated with multiplex fluorescent bead immunoassay (FBI) and real time-PCR, respectively. In addition, the expression of inhibitory factor-kappaBalpha (I-kappaBalpha) was evaluated with real time-PCR. The protein level of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1beta and IL-8 significantly increased after stimulation with Poly I:C. RV-D1 treatment at concentration of 1 muM decreased the protein level of TNF-alpha to 20.76 +/- 9.3% (P < 0.05), IL-6 to 43.54 +/- 14.16% (P < 0.001), IL-1beta to 46.73 +/- 15.93% (P > 0.05) and IL-8 to 51.15 +/- 13.01% (P < 0.05) compared with cells stimulated with poly I:C alone. Similarly, the mRNA levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1beta and IL-8 were significantly reduced after treatment with RV-D1. A highly significant dose response curve was demonstrated for RV-D1 treated HCE cells for TNF-alpha and IL-1beta.DM treatment decreased the protein content for all of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, similar results were demonstrated at the mRNA level. The anti-inflammatory effects of RV-D1 were similar to those of DM for TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-8. RV-D1 may serve as a potent anti-inflammatory agent in ocular surface inflammation, as evaluated in cultured HCE cells. The anti-inflammatory effects of RV-D1 were comparable to those of DM, and were mediated through nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) signal transduction.Journal of Inflammation 03/2014; 11(1):6. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces acute lung injury (ALI), and that endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participate in tissue repair. Therefore, in this study it was hypothesized that LPS influences the number and function of EPCs directly. In order to investigate this, an in vitro study was performed using EPCs. EPCs were cultured for seven days (early EPCs), and then treated with increasing concentrations of LPS (10 pg/ml, 100 pg/ml, 1 ng/ml, 10 ng/ml and 100 ng/ml) for 4, 8, 12, and 24 h. The proliferation, senescence and adhesion of EPCs was then assessed. Alongside this an in vivo study was also performed. Mice were administered LPS (2.5 mg/kg) via the trachea. After 4, 8, 12, and 24 h, EPCs were harvested and cultured for seven days, and the proliferation, senescence and adhesion of the EPCs were examined. The results showed that the rate of adhesion and senescence of EPCs decreased in vitro when treated with 10 and 100 ng/ml LPS. The adhesion and senescence rate also decreased after 12 and 24 h in vivo. Proliferation, however, was increased in vitro following treatment with 10 and 100 ng/ml LPS, but proliferation in vivo decreased after 8 and 12 h. The effects of LPS on EPCs were distinct in vivo and in vitro. In vitro, cells were sensitive to 100 ng/ml LPS. In the course of ALI induced by LPS, the proliferation and adhesion activity of the EPCs was activated in 8 h and then gradually decreased with time.Molecular Medicine Reports 11/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The recruitment of neutrophils plays an important role in the progress of acute lung injury (ALI). Excessive neutrophils released from bone marrow accumulate in lung, release proinflammatory factors, and cause tissue damage. CXCL-12/CXCR4 is an important signaling pathway, which regulates the migration of bone marrow hematopoietic cells out of bone marrow and involves in neutrophil accumulation and retention in the inflammatory site. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a kind of lipid mediators, which can alleviate many inflammatory diseases. We hypothesized that RvD1 can alleviate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI through regulating CXCL-12/CXCR4 pathway. We randomized mice into five groups: control group, RvD1 group, LPS group, LPS plus RvD1 group, and LPS plus AMD3100 group. ALI was established by intratracheal instillation of LPS. After 24 and 72 h, mice were sacrificed, and lung tissues were harvested for histologic analysis, wet-to-dry ratio, myeloperoxidase activity, and CXCL-12 expression. Bronchoalveolar fluid was collected for protein analysis, cytokines assay, and flow cytometry analysis. Histologic findings as well as wet-to-dry ratio, protein concentration, cytokines assay, neutrophil number, and myeloperoxidase activity confirmed that RvD1 and AMD3100 alleviated LPS-induced ALI. RvD1 decreased CXCL-12 messenger RNA expression in lung. However, RvD1 promoted CXCR4 expression in neutrophils in the initial stage of inflammation and reduced its level in the later stage. RvD1 protects LPS-induced ALI partially through regulating CXCL-12/CXCR4 pathway.Journal of Surgical Research 12/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor