Comparison of parameters of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy for differential diagnosis in patients with parkinsonism: correlation with clinical features.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy to diagnose Lewy body disease (LBD), including Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies, and to clarify the relationship between MIBG parameters and the clinical findings.
One hundred-and-forty-four patients with parkinsonism without diabetes mellitus or a history of cardiac disease were retrospectively selected in the study. Clinical diagnosis was confirmed by follow-up during more than 6 months by neurologists. All patients underwent MIBG imaging at 15 min (initial) and 4 h (delayed) after the tracer injection, and clinical features such as Hoehn and Yahr (H-Y) classification or symptoms specific to parkinsonism were also investigated. The heart to mediastinum ratio (H/M) and the washout ratio (WR) of MIBG were calculated, and correlation with the clinical features was analyzed.
Ninety-seven and 47 patients were diagnosed as LBD and Parkinson's syndrome (PS), respectively. Initial and delayed H/M were significantly lower and WR was significantly higher in LBD than in PS (p < 0.0001). The initial H/M was independently correlated with tremor (F value 10.45), hesitation (F = 4.49), and hallucinations (F = 5.09) (p < 0.0001). The sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of LBD were 64.9 and 87.2% with initial H/M, 78.4 and 68.1% with delayed H/M, and 80.4 and 61.7% with WR, respectively. Using multivariate analysis, initial H/M (F = 39.33) and tremor (F = 10.46) were independently correlated to the diagnosis of LBD (r = 0.562, p < 0.0001) among the MIBG and various clinical parameters.
The initial H/M was the most useful of the 3 different parameters of MIBG for the diagnosis of LBD, but had low sensitivity. WR and delayed H/M had no incremental value to initial H/M for the diagnosis of PD. Careful long-term follow-up is needed for patients with parkinsonism who are clinically diagnosed as LBD with normal initial H/M, or diagnosed as no LBD with low initial H/M.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of early phase washout rate (early WR) and area under the time-activity curve (AUTAC) by (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) dynamic chest imaging for distinguishing Lewy body-related diseases (LBRD) from Parkinson's syndrome (PS) and reducing examination time.Annals of Nuclear Medicine 11/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12149-014-0923-9 · 1.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy provides useful diagnostic information in differentiating Parkinson's disease (PD) from other neurological diseases. Moreover, a number of studies have reported that (123)I-MIBG imaging provides powerful diagnostic and prognostic information in congestive heart failure (HF) patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cardiovascular predictive value of cardiac (123)I-MIBG imaging in patients with PD. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with PD were retrospectively studied. All patients underwent (123)I-MIBG imaging at 30 min (early) and 240 min (delayed) after the tracer injection, and clinical parameters were also investigated. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 27 ± 12 months, 5 patients required hospitalization for HF. There were no occurrences of myocardial infarction, fatal arrhythmia or sudden death. There was no significant coronary artery stenosis, significant valvular heart disease, or cardiomyopathy in the HF patients. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was normal in the HF patients. (123)I-MIBG delayed heart to mediastinal ratio (delayed H/M) was lower and washout rate (WR) was higher in HF patients than non-HF patients (1.62 ± 0.21 vs. 1.34 ± 0.08, p = 0.019; 31.9 ± 5.5 vs. 38.2 ± 3.3, p = 0.005, respectively). Both WR and delayed H/M did not correlate with Hoehn and Yahr stage. The WR showed a weak negative correlation with delayed H/M (R = -0.357, p < 0.001) upon simple linear regression analysis. A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that WR and delayed H/M were independently associated with HF (p = 0.014, p = 0.029, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with abnormal WR (>37 %) and delayed H/M (<1.48) had a higher incidence of HF than those with normal WR and delayed H/M (p = 0.014, p = 0.04, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: WR showed stronger predictive power than delayed H/M in Kaplan-Meier analysis. WR has more useful cardiovascular predictive value than delayed H/M in Japanese patients with PD. Further studies are needed to clarify the significance of abnormal MIBG uptake in PD patients.Annals of Nuclear Medicine 10/2012; DOI:10.1007/s12149-012-0662-8 · 1.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vocal fold lamina propria extracellular matrix (ECM) is highly aligned and when injured, becomes disorganized with loss of the tissue’s critical biomechanical properties. This study examines the effects of electrospun fiber scaffold architecture and elastin-like polypeptide (ELP4) coating on human vocal fold fibroblast (HVFF) behavior for applications toward tissue engineering the vocal fold lamina propria. Electrospun Tecoflex™ scaffolds were made with aligned and unaligned fibers, and were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and uniaxial tensile testing. ELP4 was successfully adsorbed onto the scaffolds; HVFF were seeded and their viability, proliferation, morphology, and gene expression were characterized. Aligned and unaligned scaffolds had initial elastic moduli of ∼14 MPa, ∼5 MPa and ∼0.3 MPa, ∼0.6 MPa in the preferred and cross-preferred directions, respectively. Scaffold topography had an effect on the orientation of the cells, with HVFF seeded on aligned scaffolds having a significantly different (p < 0.001) angle of orientation than HVFF cultured on unaligned scaffolds. This same effect and significant difference (p < 0.001) was seen on aligned and unaligned scaffolds coated with ELP4. Scaffold alignment and ELP4 coating impacted ECM gene expression. ELP4 coating, and aligned scaffolds upregulated elastin synthesis when tested on day 7 without a concomitant upregulation of collagen III synthesis. Collectively, results indicate that aligned electrospun scaffolds and ELP4 coating, are promising candidates in the development of biodegradeable vocal fold lamina propria constructs.Acta Biomaterialia 11/2014; 13. DOI:10.1016/j.actbio.2014.10.039 · 5.68 Impact Factor