Isolated coronary artery bypass grafting in obese individuals: a propensity matched analysis of outcomes.
ABSTRACT There is conflicting data regarding the impact of obesity on morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
Retrospective cohort analysis of patients who underwent CABG from January 1, 1995, through July 31, 2010 was performed. Patients were classified as obese or non-obese (body mass index ≥ 30.0 kg/m(2) and <30.0 kg/m(2), respectively). The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included postoperative respiratory failure, postoperative stroke, postoperative myocardial infarction, sternal and leg wound infections, postoperative atrial fibrillation, postoperative ventricular tachycardia, postoperative renal failure and length of hospital stay. Propensity-matched stepwise multivariable logistic regression was performed. Of 13,115 patients, 4,619 (35.2%) were obese. In the propensity-matched logistic regression models (n = 8,442), obesity was not associated with postoperative mortality (odds ratio = 1.13, 95% confidence interval 0.86-1.48). However, obesity was associated with postoperative respiratory failure, postoperative renal insufficiency, sternal wound infection, and leg wound infection. Obesity was also associated with a decreased risk of postoperative bleeding and re-operation from bleeding.
Obesity was associated with an increased risk of postoperative respiratory failure, postoperative renal failure, and surgical site infections. However, obesity was not associated with in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing CABG.
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ABSTRACT: Background Obesity is suggested to reduce postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) but perioperative hemostasis variations have not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effects of severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 35 kg/m2) on chest tube output (CTO) and hemostasis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. Materials and Methods We prospectively investigated 2799 consecutive patients who underwent coronary and/or valve surgery using CPB between 2008 and 2012. 204 patients (7.3%) presented a severe obesity. Results In the severe obesity group, the 6-h and 24-h CTO were significantly reduced by -21.8% and -14.8% respectively (P < 0.0001) compared with the control group. A significant reduction of the mean number of red blood cell units transfused at 24 h was observed in the severe obesity groups (P = 0.01). On admission to the intensive care unit, a significant increase of platelet count (+ 9.2%; P < 0.0001), fibrinogen level (+ 12.2%; P < 0.0001) and prothrombin time (+ 4.1%; P < 0.01) and a significant decrease of the activated partial thromboplastin time (-4.2%; P < 0.01) were observed in the severe obesity group compared with the control group. In multivariate analysis, severe obesity was significantly associated to a decreased risk of excessive bleeding (24-h CTO > 90th percentile; Odds ratio: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.17 to 0.82). No significant differences were observed regarding postoperative thromboembolic events between the two groups. Conclusions Severe obesity is associated with a prothrombotic postoperative state that leads to a reduction of postoperative blood loss in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB.Thrombosis Research 08/2014; 134(2):346–353. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chromosome 9p21 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to be associated with coronary heart disease in multiple studies. The aim of the present study was to identify whether these SNPs are associated with recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization, or death in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients or in those undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). TexGen registry participants with ACS (n=2,067) or CABG (n=1,176) were evaluated, to assess whether 9p21 SNPs (rs1333049, rs2383206, rs10757278, rs10757274) were associated with recurrent MI (primary outcome), recurrent revascularization, or death (secondary outcomes) at approximately 3.2 years of follow-up. Carriers of risk allele (C) for rs1333049 presented at an earlier age (62 vs. 63.5 years in non-carriers, P=0.0004) with more extensive disease (number of vessels with significant stenosis: 1.9 vs. 1.7 in non-carriers, P=0.001) in the ACS group. In adjusted models, the C allele was not associated with recurrent MI (hazard ratio [HR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.74-1.38), recurrent revascularization (HR, 0.98; 95%CI: 0.78-1.23), or death (HR, 0.91; 95%CI: 0.69-1.18) in the ACS or CABG groups (recurrent MI: HR, 0.64; 95%CI: 0.40-1.05; recurrent revascularization: HR, 0.98; 95%CI: 0.61-1.55; death: HR, 0.89; 95%CI: 0.61-1.30). Results were similar for the other 3 SNPs. 9p21 SNPs were not associated with recurrent MI, revascularization, or mortality after ACS or CABG. Individuals with the rs1333049 C allele, however, may present with earlier and more extensive disease.Circulation Journal 02/2012; 76(4):950-6. DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-11-1166 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The association between preoperative use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remain controversial. Our aim was to study in-hospital outcomes after isolated CABG in patients on preoperative ACE inhibitors. A retrospective analysis of 8,889 patients who underwent isolated CABG from 2000 through 2011 was conducted. The primary outcome of interest was the incidence of major adverse events (MAEs) defined as a composite of mortality, postoperative renal dysfunction, myocardial infarction, stroke, and atrial fibrillation during index hospitalization. The secondary outcome was the incidence of individual outcomes included in MAEs. Logistic regression analyses were performed. Of 8,889 patients, 3,983 (45%) were on preoperative ACE inhibitors and 4,906 (55%) were not. Overall incidence of MAEs was 38.1% (n = 1,518) in the ACE inhibitor group compared to 33.6% (n = 1,649) in the no-ACE inhibitor group. Preoperative use of ACE inhibitors was independently associated with MAEs (odds ratio 1.13, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.24), most of which was driven by a statistically significant increase in postoperative renal dysfunction (odds ratio 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.36) and atrial fibrillation (odds ratio 1.15, 95% confidence interval 1.05 to 1.27). In-hospital mortality, postoperative myocardial infarction, and stroke were not significantly associated with preoperative ACE inhibitor use. Analyses performed after excluding patients with low ejection fractions yielded similar results. In conclusion, preoperative ACE inhibitor use was associated with an increased risk of MAEs after CABG, in particular postoperative renal dysfunction and atrial fibrillation.The American journal of cardiology 06/2012; 110(7):919-23. DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.05.021 · 3.43 Impact Factor