Isolated coronary artery bypass grafting in obese individuals: a propensity matched analysis of outcomes.
ABSTRACT There is conflicting data regarding the impact of obesity on morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
Retrospective cohort analysis of patients who underwent CABG from January 1, 1995, through July 31, 2010 was performed. Patients were classified as obese or non-obese (body mass index ≥ 30.0 kg/m(2) and <30.0 kg/m(2), respectively). The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included postoperative respiratory failure, postoperative stroke, postoperative myocardial infarction, sternal and leg wound infections, postoperative atrial fibrillation, postoperative ventricular tachycardia, postoperative renal failure and length of hospital stay. Propensity-matched stepwise multivariable logistic regression was performed. Of 13,115 patients, 4,619 (35.2%) were obese. In the propensity-matched logistic regression models (n = 8,442), obesity was not associated with postoperative mortality (odds ratio = 1.13, 95% confidence interval 0.86-1.48). However, obesity was associated with postoperative respiratory failure, postoperative renal insufficiency, sternal wound infection, and leg wound infection. Obesity was also associated with a decreased risk of postoperative bleeding and re-operation from bleeding.
Obesity was associated with an increased risk of postoperative respiratory failure, postoperative renal failure, and surgical site infections. However, obesity was not associated with in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing CABG.
- The American Journal of Cardiology 05/2003; 91(7):891-4. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study sought to quantify the effect of body mass index (BMI) on early clinical outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Obesity is considered a risk factor for postoperative morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery, although existing evidence is contradictory. A concurrent cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing CABG from April 1996 to September 2001 was carried out. Main outcomes were early death; perioperative myocardial infarction; infective, respiratory, renal, and neurological complications; transfusion; duration of ventilation, intensive care unit, and hospital stay. Multivariable analyses compared the risk of outcomes between five different BMI groups after adjusting for case-mix. Out of 4,372 patients, 3.0% were underweight (BMI <20 kg/m(2)), 26.7% had a normal weight (BMI >or=20 and <25 kg/m(2)), 49.7% were overweight (BMI >or=25 and <30 kg/m(2)), 17.1% obese (BMI >or=30 and <35 kg/m(2)) and 3.6% severely obese (BMI >or=35 kg/m(2)). Compared with the normal weight group, the overweight and obese groups included more women, diabetics, and hypertensives, but fewer patients with severe ischemic heart disease and poor ventricular function. Underweight patients were more likely than normal weight patients to die in hospital (odds ratio [OR] = 4.0, 95% CI 1.4 to 11.1), have a renal complication (OR = 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0 to 3.7), or stay in hospital longer (>7 days) (OR = 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.5). Overweight, obese, and severely obese patients were not at higher risk of adverse outcomes than normal weight patients, and were less likely than normal weight patients to require transfusion (ORs from 0.42 to 0.86). Underweight patients undergoing CABG have a higher risk of death or complications than normal weight patients. Obesity does not affect the risk of perioperative death and other adverse outcomes compared to normal weight, yet obese patients appear less likely to be selected for surgery than normal weight patients.Journal of the American College of Cardiology 08/2003; 42(4):668-76. · 14.09 Impact Factor
Article: Obesity.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Excess bodyweight is the sixth most important risk factor contributing to the overall burden of disease worldwide. 1.1 billion adults and 10% of children are now classified as overweight or obese. Average life expectancy is already diminished; the main adverse consequences are cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and several cancers. The complex pathological processes reflect environmental and genetic interactions, and individuals from disadvantaged communities seem to have greater risks than more affluent individuals partly because of fetal and postnatal imprinting. Obesity, with its array of comorbidities, necessitates careful clinical assessment to identify underlying factors and to allow coherent management. The epidemic reflects progressive secular and age-related decreases in physical activity, together with substantial dietary changes with passive over-consumption of energy despite the neurobiological processes controlling food intake. Effective long-term weight loss depends on permanent changes in dietary quality, energy intake, and activity. Neither the medical management nor the societal preventive challenges are currently being met.The Lancet 11/2005; 366(9492):1197-209. · 39.06 Impact Factor