Mouse Ly49G2+ NK cells dominate early responses during both immune reconstitution and activation independently of MHC.
ABSTRACT Natural killer (NK) cell subsets can be defined by the differential expression of inhibitory receptors for MHC class I molecules. Early after congenic HSCT, we found that Ly49G2(high) single-positive NK cells repopulated, displayed an activated phenotype, and were highly cytolytic. Over time, this subset was replaced with NK cells with a normal pattern of Ly49 expression. Treatment of mice with IL-2 also resulted in the rapid expansion of these Ly49G2(high) single-positive NK cells. Only the Ly49g (Klra7) Pro1 transcript was highly induced in both HSCT- and IL-2-treated recipients. MHC-independent expansion of the Ly49G2(+) subset was also observed after Listeria monocytogenes or mouse cytomegalovirus infection. Our data indicate that during reconstitution after HSCT and various activation stimuli, Ly49G2(+) NK cells represent the "first-responder" NK cells, which occur independently of NK-cell licensing via Ly49-MHC interactions. These data suggest that the inhibitory Ly49G2 receptor represents an activation marker on mouse NK cells under various conditions.
Article: Vaccination with mouse mammary adenocarcinoma cells coexpressing B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) discloses the dominant effect of B7-1 in the induction of antitumor immunity.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nonreplicating TS/A mammary adenocarcinoma cells expressing B7-2 (CD86) (TS/A-2) are more immunogenic than those expressing B7-1 (CD80) (TS/A-1), indicating that B7-1 and B7-2 display nonredundant costimulatory effects in inducing antitumor responses. Whereas transfection of B7-2 cDNA into TS/A-1 cells does not improve their immunogenicity, transfection of B7-1 cDNA into TS/A-2 cells (TS/A-2/1) decreases their immunogenicity in a manner that is directly related to the surface levels of B7-1. Ab blocking of B7-1 on TS/A-2/1 cells before their injection in vivo restores the higher immunogenicity characteristic of single B7-2 transfectants, indicating therefore that B7-1 actively modulates the B7-2-dependent costimulation. The expression of B7-1 also modifies quantitatively the balance of endogenous IFN-gamma and IL-4 induced in vivo by TS/A-2 vaccines. In fact, we find that vaccination with TS/A-2/1 cells results in the production of more IFN-gamma and less IL-4 than TS/A-2 vaccines, a pattern comparable to that induced by TS/A-1 cells. Thus, in the TS/A model of antitumor response, B7-1 modulates B7-2-dependent costimulatory effects in a dominant, noncompetitive way.The Journal of Immunology 02/2000; 164(2):698-704. · 5.79 Impact Factor